Advertisement

Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp 690–697 | Cite as

Pr3+-Doped Strontium–Aluminum–Bismuth–Borate Glasses for Laser Applications

  • M. Dhamodhara NaiduEmail author
  • Y. C. Ratnakaram
Article
  • 14 Downloads

The chemical composition of Pr3+-doped strontium–aluminum–bismuth–borate glasses with different concentrations, that is, (50 – x)B2O3 + 20Bi2O3 + 7AlF3 + 8SrO + 15SrF2 + xPr2(CO3)3 (where x = 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mol.%), have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. XRD, SEM, and EDS studies reveal the structural and amorphous properties of the prepared glasses. Different borate groups are analyzed by FTIR measurements. Judd–Ofelt (J–O) intensity parameters, Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, and 6) are calculated from the absorption spectrum to identify the nature of Pr3+ ions with their surrounding ligands. Using the J–O parameters, the radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities AR and radiative lifetimes τcal are evaluated for various excited transitions of Pr3+ ions. Stimulated emission cross sections \( {\sigma}_p^E \) and branching ratios βR for the emission transitions are evaluated by the photoluminescence spectra. The higher values of \( {\sigma}_p^E \) and βR are identified for the emission transitions 3P03H4 and 1D23H4 of SABiBPr15 and SABiBPr01 glasses; these glasses are suitable for light emitting materials. The chromaticity color coordinates are calculated to find the average color of the emission spectra.

Keywords

praseodymium optical absorption photoluminescence Judd–Ofelt analysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. P. Hehlen, N. J. Cockcroft, T. R. Gosnell, A. J. Bruce, G. Nykolak, and J. Shmulovich, Opt. Lett., 22, 772–774 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Y. Zhang, B. J. Chen, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Physica B, 404, 1132–1136 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. J. Lozykowski, W. M. Jadwisienczak, and I. Brown, J. Appl. Phys., 88, 210–222 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. El Okr, M. Farouk, M. El-Sherbiny, M. A. K. El-Fayoumi, and M. G. Brik, J. Alloys Compd., 490, 184–189 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. C. Jamalaiah, J. Suresh Kumar, A. Mohan Babu, L. Rama Moorthy, Kiwan Jang, Ho Sueb Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, Jung Hyun Jeong, and Hyukjoon Choi, J. Lumin., 129, 1023–1028 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, H. Haquin, J. L. Adam, and J. Montagne, Opt. Mater., 24, 563–574 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Lin, K. Liu, E. Y. B. Pun, T. C. Ma, X. Peng, Q. D. An, J. Y. Yu, and S. B. Jiang, Chem. Phys. Lett., 398, 146–150 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shiqing Xu, Zhongmin Yang, Shixun Dai, Guonian Wang, Lili Hu, and Zhonghong Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 347, 197–203 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. K. Sharma, S. P. Tondon, and S. S. L. Surana, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 77, 167–171 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. C. Ratnakaram, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and N. O. Gopal, Mater. Lett., 58, 3908–3914 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. V. R. Murthy, B. C. Jamalaiah, T. Sasikala, L. Rama Moorthy, and M. Jayasimhadri, Physica B, 405, 1095–1100 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. I. Kamitsos, A. P. Patsis, M. A. Karakassides, and G. D. Chryssikos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 126, 52–67 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. K. Hassan, L. Borjesson, and L. M. Torell, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 154, 172–174 (1994).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. El-Damrawi and K. El-Egili, Physica B, 299, 180–186 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Karthikeyan and S. Mohan, Physica B, 334, 298–302 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Lakshminarayana and S. Buddhudu, Spectrochim. Acta A, 62, 364–371 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. H. Rudramadevi and S. Buddhudu, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 46, 825–832 (2008).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. G. Motke, S. P. Yawale, and S. S. Yawale, Bull. Mater. Sci., 25, 75–78 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. J. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys., 49, 4412 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. K. Jorgensen and B. R. Judd, Mol. Phys., 8, 281–290 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Z. Mazurak, S. Bodyl, R. Lisiecki, J. Gabryś-Pisarska, and M. Czaja, Opt. Mater., 32, 547–553 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. Venkata Rao, Y. C. Ratnakaram, M. Seshadri, and J. L. Rao, Physica B, 405, 2297–2304 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Srinivasa Rao, J. Venkatappa Rao, and P. Syam Prasad, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng., 2, 012025 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev., 127, 750–761 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys., 49, 4774–4780 (1962).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Eds. R. Reisfeld, C. K. Jorgensen, K. A. Gschneidner Jr., and L. Eyring, 9, Ch. 58, North Holland, Amsterdam (1987).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. A. Kaminiskii, Laser Crystals, Berlin, Springer (1990).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. A. Saleem, B. C. Jamalaiah, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Srinivasa Rao, Kiwan Jang, and L. Rama Moorthy, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 112, 78–84 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Subramanyam Naidu and S. Buddhudu, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 11, 386 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Eds. K. A. Gschneidner, Jr., and L. Eyring, 25, Elsevier Science B.V (1998).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    X. J. Wang, H. R. Zheng, D. Jia, S. H. Huang, R. S. Meltzer, M. J. Dejneka, and W. M. Yen, Microelectronics, 34, 549–551 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Smith and J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc., 33, 103–105 (1931).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rajiv Gandhi University of knowledge TechnologiesIIIT-Andhra PradeshNuzividuIndia
  2. 2.Sri Venkateswara UniversityTirupathiIndia

Personalised recommendations