Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 85, Issue 6, pp 1050–1057 | Cite as

Analysis of Urinary Stones Collected from Some Patients with X-Ray Diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, and Scanning Electron Microscopy

  • M. Serkan YalçınEmail author
  • Mesut Tek

This study aims to determine the urinary stones' chemical compositions, morphologies, and crystal size by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. This study has been conducted with 30 urinary stones from the 30 patients who were treated at the Department of Urology in Mersin University Hospital (Mersin, Turkey). With respect to the detected phase compositions, results were classified into four chemical groups: oxalates (43.3%), phosphates (13.3%), urates (6.7%), and mixed stone (36.7%).


urinary stones urolithiasis X-ray diffraction Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mersin University, Technical Science Vocational School, Department of Chemical and Chemical Processing TechnologiesMersinTurkey
  2. 2.Mersin University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of UrologyMersinTurkey

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