Journal of Applied Spectroscopy

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 103–108 | Cite as

Composition and Properties of Deposits Formed on the Internal Surface of Oil Pipelines

  • N. K. Gulieva
  • I. I. Mustafaev
  • A. A. Sabzaliev
  • R. G. Garibov
Article
  • 5 Downloads

The composition and physicochemical properties of oil deposits formed in pipelines during the transport of oil from Azerbaijani fields were studied by atomic absorption, chromatography-mass spectrometry, gamma spectrometry, and scanning electron microscopy methods. Up to 20% of the deposits were shown to be composed of paraffins, tars, and other heavy oil fractions, while asphaltenes and mechanical impurities (iron, sulfur, manganese, calcium, and silicon compounds) comprise about 80%. The contents of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and radionuclides are within permissible levels, while the content of some heavy metals exceeds the permissible level by a factor of 1000. These data should be used in the management of waste products in petroleum pipelines.

Keywords

oil deposits radionuclides heavy metals polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons spectrometric measurements 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. Gulieva
    • 1
  • I. I. Mustafaev
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. A. Sabzaliev
    • 2
  • R. G. Garibov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Radiation ProblemsNational Academy of Sciences of AzerbaijanBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Azerbaijan University of Architecture and ConstructionBakuAzerbaijan

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