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Green light as supplementary light for enhancing biomass production of Ettlia sp. and preventing population invasion from other microalgae

  • Jae-Yon Lee
  • Seong-Hyun Seo
  • Chi-Yong Ahn
  • Chang Soo Lee
  • Kwang-Guk An
  • Ankita SrivastavaEmail author
  • Hee-Mock OhEmail author
Article

Abstract

The biomass and carotenoid productivities of a freshwater microalga, Ettlia sp. YC001 (Chlorophyta, Chlamydomonadales), were investigated in continuous culture systems irradiated with various LEDs. Green light was effectively used by Ettlia sp. for its biomass growth compared to blue and red LED light. This effective use of green light was assumed to be beneficial for Ettlia sp., especially in competition with other microalgae. Thus, in a competition between Ettlia sp. and Chlorella vulgaris, Ettlia sp. out-competed C. vulgaris without losing any overall biomass productivity when green and white LEDs were used simultaneously. However, since Ettlia sp. also showed relatively low oxygen production under green light, further studies are needed on its photosynthesis and biomass production mechanisms. Notwithstanding, LEDs are potentially useful for identifying strain-specific photosynthetic characteristics of microalgae, thereby increasing their biomass productivity and controlling contamination from other microalgae in open culture systems.

Keywords

Microalgae Green light Competition Biomass productivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to offer special thanks to Dr. HJ La, who, although no longer with us, was a warm and creative scientist and continues to inspire by his example.

Authors’ contributions

Jae-Yon Lee and Hyun-Joon La made the primary conception and design of the study, experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and drafting the article; Seong-Hyun Seo and Ankita Srivastava revised it critically; Chi-Yong Ahn, Chang Soo Lee, and Kwang-Guk An suggested important intellectual content; and Hee-Mock Oh has done final approval of the version to be submitted.

Funding information

This research was supported by a grant from the Advanced Biomass R&D Center (ABC), a Global Frontier Program funded by the Korean Ministry of Science and ICT.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10811_2019_1737_MOESM1_ESM.docx (452 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 451 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cell Factory Research CenterKorea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, School of Biological Sciences and BiotechnologyChungnam National University (CNU)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Culture Collection Team, Freshwater Bioresources Culture Research DivisionNakdonggang National Institute of Biological ResourcesSangjuRepublic of Korea

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