Pigment concentration, photosynthetic performance, and fatty acid profile of sub-Antarctic brown macroalgae in different phases of development from the Magellan Region, Chile
Macroalgae Durvillaea antarctica, Lessonia flavicans, and Macrocystis pyrifera in distinct development phases from the ecoregion of Magellan (Chile) were analyzed by pulse amplitude modulated fluorometry under eight irradiation conditions (11 to 490 μmol photons m−2 s−1). Pigmentation was assessed by UV/Vis spectrophotometry (400 to 700 nm), and fatty acid (FA) profile was determined by gas chromatography using the standards of their respective methyl esters (0.625 to 20 mg mL−1). Photosynthetic efficiency had significant differences for L. flavicans (0.31 ± 0.01 to 0.38 ± 0.01 μmol e− m−2 s−1 (μmol photons m−2 s−1)-1) and M. pyrifera (0.26 ± 0.02 to 0.31 ± 0.03 μmol e− m−2 s−1 (μmol photons m−2 s−1)-1) for reproductive and vegetative phases, respectively. The relative maximum electron transfer rate varied significantly for L. flavicans (8.10 ± 0.84 to 12.40 ± 1.57 μmol e− s−1) and M. pyrifera (6.49 ± 1.30 to 12.89 ± 1.53 μmol e− s−1) in distinct development phases. Saturation irradiance analysis showed significant differences for D. antarctica, varying from 166.18 ± 14.33 (vegetative) to 132.98 ± 18.43 μmol photon m−2 s−1 (reproductive). The highest concentrations of pigments were found in reproductive M. pyrifera with 35.36 ± 0.21 of Chl a, 7.04 ± 0.93 of Chl c, and 15.75 ± 1.42 μg g−1 of fucoxanthin. Finally, the highest concentrations of total FAs were 35.24 ± 2.38% (saturated) and 22.02 ± 1.95% (monounsaturated) in M. pyrifera and 63.53 ± 3.36% (polyunsaturated) in D. antarctica. Therefore, the study showed significant differences for photosynthetic parameters and FA profiles correlating these results to the development phases of macroalgae.
KeywordsPolyunsaturated Fatty acids Brown algae Photosynthetic activity Sub-Antarctic region
This study had logistic support from the University of Magallanes and the Laboratory of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Marine Ecosystems, Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB), Chile.
The authors are grateful for the financial and fellowship support from the Brazilian research funding agencies: the National Program for Post-Doctoral Studies, Coordination for Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (PNPD-CAPES, General Program of International Cooperation PGCI-99999.002378/2015), and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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