Advertisement

Effects of dietary supplementation of Kappaphycus alvarezii on productive performance and egg quality traits of laying hens

  • A. B. Mandal
  • A. BiswasEmail author
  • N. A. Mir
  • Praveen K. Tyagi
  • D. Kapil
  • A. K. Biswas
Article

Abstract

This study evaluates the effect of dietary inclusion of the red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii (AF-KWP) on production performance, immune responses, and egg quality traits in laying birds. Day-old female chicks (n = 200) of single hatch were distributed randomly into four dietary treatments groups of 50 birds in each treatment following a completely randomized design. Each treatment was five (5) replicates with 10 chicks each. One group (T1) served as control, while in other three treatments K. alvarezii (AF-KWP) was included at 1.25% (T2), 1.50% (T3), and 1.75% (T4), respectively. The results revealed significant improvement in age at sexual maturity, egg production, egg weight, shell thickness, and some internal egg qualities due to inclusion of AF-KWP powder. The values for TBARS, free fatty acids, peroxide, and cholesterol contents were significantly lower in yolk from eggs from hens fed AF-KWP preparation. Similarly, the cell-mediated as well as humoral immunity of birds improved significantly and progressively with increased levels of AF-KWP up to 1.50% in the layer diet. Results indicated that K. alvarezii (AF-KWP) can be incorporated up to 1.50% level in diet of pullets for reduction of age of sexual maturity (egg laying age), improved productive performance and egg quality traits in laying hens.

Keywords

Kappaphycus alvarezii Rhodophyta Productive performance Egg quality trait Haugh unit Layer Poultry 

Notes

Authors’ contributions

ABM carried out the animal experiment design and final drafting, AB designed the study and manuscript drafting, AKB, NAB, and KD carried out the animal experiment and conducted the laboratory analysis, PKT carried out the data analysis.

Funding information

The study was funded by the Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical standard

All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

References

  1. Abbaspour B, Davood SS, Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh A (2015) Dietary supplementation of Gracilariopsis persica is associated with some quality related sera and egg yolk parameters in laying quails. J Sci Food Agric 95:643–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abirami RG, Kowsalya S (2011) Nutrient and nutraceutical potentials of seaweed biomass Ulva lactuca and Kappaphycus alvarezii. J Agric Sci Technol 5:109–115Google Scholar
  3. AOAC (1990) Official methods of analysis, 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists AOAC, ArlingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. Athukorala Y, Kim KN, Jeon YJ (2006) Anti-proliferative and anti- oxidant properties of an enzymatic hydrolysate from brown algae, Ecklonia cava. Food Chem Toxicol 44:1065–1074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Babu U, Dalloul RA, Okamura M, Lillehoj HS, Xie H, Raybourne RB (2004) Salmonella enteritidis clearance and immune responses in chickens following Salmonella vaccination and challenge. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 101:251–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Biswas A, Mohan J, Sastry KVH (2006) Effect of higher levels of dietary selenium on production performance and immune responses in growing Japanese quail. Br Poult Sci 47:511–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Biswas A, Divya, Mandal AB, Singh R (2015) Effect of dietary supplementation of chromium picolinate on productive performance, egg quality and carcass traits in laying turkeys. Anim Nutri Feed Technol 15:59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cabrita ARJ, Maia MRG, Oliveira HM, Sousa-Pinto I, Almeida AA, Pinto E, Fonseca AJM (2016) Tracing seaweeds as mineral sources for farm-animals. J Appl Phycol 28:3135–3150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carrillo S, Lopez E, Casas MM, Avila E, Castillo RM, Carranco ME, Calvo C, Perez-Gil F (2008) Potential use of seaweeds in the laying hen ration to improve the quality of n-3 fatty acid enriched eggs. J Appl Phycol 20:721–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carrillo S, Ríos VH, Calvo C, Carranco ME, Casas M, Perez-Gil F (2012) n-3 Fatty acid content in eggs laid by hens fed with marine algae and sardine oil and stored at different times and temperatures. J Appl Phycol 24:593–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Daniele N, Monica G, Laura LG, Carmine S, Lydia F, Antonello S (2012) Determination of cholesterol in Italian chicken eggs. Food Chem 132:701–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and F tests. Biometrics 11:1–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fayaz M, Namitha KK, Chidambara Murthy KN, Mahadeva Swamy M, Sarada R, Khanam S, Subbarao PV, Ravishankar GA (2005) Chemical composition, iron bioavailability, and antioxidant activity of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty). J Agric Food Chem 53:792–797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fleurence J (2004) Seaweed proteins. In: Yada RY (ed) Proteins in food processing. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, pp 197–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frasiska N, Suprijatna E, Susanti S (2016) Effect of diet containing Gracilaria sp. waste and multi-enzyme additives on blood lipid profile of local duck. Anim Prod 18:22–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gani N, Momuat LI, Pitoi MM (2013) Plasma lipid profile of hyper cholesterol Wistar mice on aibika (Abelmoschus manihot L.) supplementation. J Mipa Unsrat Online 2:44–49 (Article in Bahasa Indonesia)Google Scholar
  17. Ginzberg A, Cohen M, Sod-Moriah U, Shany S, Rosenshtrauch A, Arad S (2000) Chickens fed with biomass of the red microalga Porphyridium sp. have reduced blood cholesterol level and modified fatty acid composition in egg yolk. J Appl Phycol 12:325–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Karu P, Selvan ST, Gopi H, Manobhavan M (2018) Effect of macroalgae supplementation on growth performance of Japanese quails. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 7:1039–1041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Koniecko EK (1979) Handbook for meat chemists. Chapter 6, Avery Publishing Group Inc, Wayne, pp 68–69Google Scholar
  20. Kulshreshtha G, Rathgeber B, Stratton G, Thomas N, Evans F, Critchley A, Hafting J, Balakrishnan P (2014) Feed supplementation with red seaweeds, Chondrus crispus and Sarcodiotheca gaudichaudii, affects performance, egg quality, and gut microbiota of layer hens. Poult Sci 93:2991–3001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kulshreshtha G, Rathgeber B, MacIsaac J, Boulianne M, Brigitte L, Stratton G, Thomas NA, Critchley AT, Hafting J, Prithiviraj B (2017) Feed supplementation with red seaweeds, Chondrus crispus and Sarcodiotheca gaudichaudii, reduce Salmonella enteritidis in laying hens. Front Microbiol 8:567–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kuznetsova TA, Zaporozhets TS, Besednova NN, Shevchenko NM, Zvyagintseva TN, Mamaev AN et al (2003) Immunostimulating and anticoagulating activity of fucoidan isolated from brown algae Fucus evanescens in Okhotskoe Sea. Antibiotiki i Khimioterapiya 48:11–13Google Scholar
  23. MacArtain P, Gill CI, Brooks M, Campbell R, Rowland IR (2007) Nutritional value of edible seaweeds. Nutr Rev 65:535–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Matanjun P, Mohamed S, Muhammad K, Mustapha NM (2010) Comparison of cardiovascular protective effects of tropical seaweeds, Kappaphycus alvarezii, Caulerpa lentillifera, and Sargassum polycystum on high-cholesterol/high-fat diet in rats. J Med Food 13:792–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Matsui MS, Muizzuddin N, Arad S, Marenus K (2003) Sulfated polysaccharides from red microalgae have anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 104:13–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McDowell LR, Lizama LC, Marion JE, Wilcox CJ (1990) Utilization of aquatic plants Elodea canadensis and Hydrilla verticillata in diets for laying hens. Poult Sci 69:673–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Michalak I, Chojnacka K, Dobrzanski Z, Gorecki H, Zielinska A, Korczynski M, Opalinski SJ (2011) Effect of macroalgae enriched with microelements on egg quality parameters and mineral content of eggs, eggshell, blood, feathers and droppings. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr 95:374–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Moreda Pineiro A, Pena-Vasquez E, Bermejo Barrera P (2012) Significance of the presence of trace and ultra-trace elements in seaweeds. In: Kim SK (ed) Handbook of marine macroalgae: biotechnology and applied phycology. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, p 567Google Scholar
  29. Moroney NC, O’Grady MN, O’Doherty JV, Kerry JP (2012) Addition of seaweed (Laminaria digitata) extracts containing laminarin and fucoidan to porcine diets: influence on the quality and shelf-life of fresh pork. Meat Sci 92:423–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Norziah MH, Ching CY (2000) Nutritional composition of edible seaweed Gracilaria changgi. Food Chem 68:69–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Novak C, Yakout H, Scheideler S (2004) The combined effects of dietary lysine and total sulfur amino acid level on egg production parameters and egg components in Dekalb Delta laying hens. Poult Sci 83:977–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reddy PV, Urooj A (2014) Inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (ex vivo) by Morus indica (mulberry). Chin J Biol 1:1–5Google Scholar
  33. Shields RJ, Lupatsch I (2012) Algae for aquaculture and animal feeds. Technikfolgenabschätzung-Theorie und. Praxis 21:23–37Google Scholar
  34. Shiu CT, Lee TM (2005) Ultraviolet-B-induced oxidative stress and responses of the ascorbate–glutathione cycle in a marine macroalga Ulva fasciata. J Exp Bot 56:2851–2865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Silva RL, Barbosa JM (2009) Seaweed meal as a protein source for the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. J Appl Phycol 21:193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1989) Statistical methods, 8th edn. Iowa State University Press, AmesGoogle Scholar
  37. Souza BWS, Cerqueira MA, Bourbon AI, Pinheiro AC, Martins JT, Teixeira JA, Coimbra MA, Vicente AA (2012) Chemical characterization and antioxidant activity of sulfated polysaccharide from the red seaweed Gracilaria birdiae. Food Hydrocoll 27:287–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Taheri R, Connolly BA, Brand MH, Bolling BW (2013) Underutilized chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa, Aronia arbutifolia, Aronia prunifolia) accessions are rich sources of anthocyanins, flavonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids and proanthocyanidins. J Agric Food Chem 61:8581–8588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Van Immerseel F, Methner U, Rychlik I, Nagy B, Velge P, Martin G et al (2005) Vaccination and early protection against non-host-specific Salmonella serotypes in poultry: exploitation of innate immunity and microbial activity. Epidemiol Infect 133:959–978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang W, Onnagawa M, Yoshie Y, Suzuki T (2001) Binding of bile salts to soluble and insoluble dietary fibers of seaweeds. Fish Sci 67:1169–1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wen X, Peng C, Zhou H, Lin Z, Lin G, Chen S, Li P (2006) Nutritional composition and assessment of Gracilaria lemaneiformis Bory. J Integr Plant Biol 48:1047–1053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Witte VC, Krause GF, Bailey ME (1970) A new extraction method for determining 2-thiobarbituric acid values of pork and beef during storage. J Food Sci 35:582–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Woo MS, Choi HS, Lee OH, Lee BY (2013) The edible red alga, Gracilaria verrucosa, inhibits lipid accumulation and ROS production, but improves glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. Phytother Res 27:1102–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yu J, Wang X, Chen MZ et al (2006) Analysis on nutritional components and polysaccharide composition of Gracilaria lemaneiformis from Chaoshan coast. Food Sci China 27:93–97Google Scholar
  45. Yuan H, Song J, Li X, Li N, Liu S (2011) Enhanced immunostimulatory and antitumor activity of different derivatives of k-carrageenan oligosaccharides from Kappaphycus striatum. J Appl Phycol 23:59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zahroojian N, Moravej H, Shivazad M (2011) Comparison of marine algae (Spirulina platensis) and synthetic pigment in enhancing egg yolk colour of laying hens. Br Poult Sci 52:584–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhang Z, Wang F, Wang X, Liu XL, Hou Y, Zhang QB (2010) Extraction of the polysaccharides from five algae and their potential antioxidant activity in vitro. Carbohydr Polym 82:118–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Mandal
    • 1
  • A. Biswas
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. A. Mir
    • 1
  • Praveen K. Tyagi
    • 1
  • D. Kapil
    • 1
  • A. K. Biswas
    • 1
  1. 1.Avian Nutrition and Feed Technology DivisionICAR-Central Avian Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia

Personalised recommendations