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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 2159–2173 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal variability of strandings of the southern bull kelp Durvillaea antarctica (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) on beaches along the coast of Chile—linked to local storms

  • Boris A. LópezEmail author
  • Erasmo C. Macaya
  • Ricardo Jeldres
  • Nelson Valdivia
  • César C. Bonta
  • Fadia Tala
  • Martin Thiel
Article

Abstract

Availability of floating seaweeds may depend on the seasonal cycles of benthic populations, but our ability to predict temporal patterns of stranded biomasses is still limited. Season-dependent, local storms favor detachment of seaweeds from the substratum, which can be reflected in the stranded biomasses on adjacent beaches after these events. Hence, we hypothesized that seaweed strandings are positively correlated with storm intensity. Using as a model the southern bull kelp Durvillaea antarctica (Chamisso) Hariot, a species frequently found in seaweed strandings in Chile, bimonthly surveys were carried out on three beaches: Pichicuy (32° S), Itata Norte (36° S), and Curiñanco (39° S) for 3 years (2014 to 2017). Stranded biomass, total length, and wet weight of specimens were quantified and related to local storms (using the Douglas sea scale). Stranded biomasses decreased in the spring months of each year, being higher in Pichicuy and Curiñanco than Itata Norte. Regression models showed a better fit with recent storms in Curiñanco compared to other beaches. An interannual decrease of beach-cast raft size was observed, showing smaller specimens in Itata Norte than those in Pichicuy and Curiñanco. Reduced habitat availability and the exploitation of natural beds in the central zone (34°–37° S) might explain the decrease of biomasses and sizes of stranded bull kelps. Also, oceanographic features at intermediate (i.e., local winds and currents) and large scales (i.e., El Niño) can help to explain the temporal variability, particularly in spring and summer. Our results suggest that harvesting of stranded bull kelps might be most favorable in summer and autumn.

Keywords

Bull kelps Douglas sea scale Floating seaweeds Sandy beaches Strandings 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to express our gratitude to Óscar Pino, Vieia Villalobos, and Ulyces Urtubia from Universidad Católica del Norte for their field assistance, as well as all the participants of the Universidad de Concepción (Algalab) and Universidad Austral de Chile (Lafkenchelab) who collaborated during field surveys in central and southern beaches, respectively. Also, Dr. Marcelo Rivadeneira is recognized for his suggestions about statistical analyses. Comments from one anonymous reviewer were very helpful in improving the original manuscript.

Funding

This study was financed by CONICYT/FONDECYT 1131082 to M.T. and F.T. and PhD fellowship Beca CONICYT-PCHA/DoctoradoNacional/2014-21140010 to BL. E.C.M. and N.V. were supported by FONDAP research grant 15150003 (IDEAL).

Supplementary material

10811_2018_1705_MOESM1_ESM.docx (636 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 635 kb)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad Católica del NorteCoquimboChile
  2. 2.Departamento de Acuicultura y Recursos AgroalimentariosUniversidad de Los LagosOsornoChile
  3. 3.Departamento de OceanografíaUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  4. 4.Millennium Nucleus Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Island (ESMOI)CoquimboChile
  5. 5.Centro FONDAP de Investigaciones en Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos de Altas Latitudes (IDEAL)ValdiviaChile
  6. 6.Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  7. 7.Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico en Algas (CIDTA)Universidad Católica del NorteCoquimboChile
  8. 8.Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA)CoquimboChile

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