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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 1433–1442 | Cite as

Effect of diets supplemented with different seaweed extracts on growth performance and digestive enzyme activities of juvenile white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

  • Alexia Omont
  • Eduardo Quiroz-Guzman
  • Dariel Tovar-Ramirez
  • Alberto Peña-RodríguezEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study evaluated the nutritional potential of three seaweed extracts (Ulva lactuca, Eisenia sp. and Porphyra sp.) as possible ingredients in shrimp feed to improve growth and main digestive enzyme activities. Seaweed extracts were included in replacement of wheat and soybean meal in isoproteic diets (35 ± 0.5%) at three levels of inclusion (5, 10, and 15%) and tested during 28 days in a feeding trial on Litopenaeus vannamei (initial weight 1.15 ± 0.08 g). Growth performance and feed utilisation parameters, in addition to trypsin, chymotrypsin, lipase and amylase activities, were evaluated. An increase of ash content in experimental diets was observed as seaweed extract inclusion level increased (from 7 up to 13.4%). All shrimps fed with seaweed diets significantly improved (p < 0.01) final weight (FW), weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed intake (FI) in contrast to control diet. In general, Ulva diets presented the best shrimp growth performance, among which inclusion of 15% Ulva extract resulted in significantly higher FW, WG and SGR (p < 0.01) compared to control, Porphyra and Eisenia diets. In the case of chymotrypsin, lipase and amylase enzyme activity, a significant interaction between seaweed type and inclusion level was found (p < 0.01), where in most cases, inclusion level of 5% of all type of seaweed resulted in an increase of the enzyme activities. The use of any of the three proposed seaweed extracts in balanced feed, especially Ulva, is suggested to promote shrimp growth productivity.

Keywords

Seaweed extract Shrimp feed Shrimp growth Shrimp digestive enzymes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Ignacio Beamonte from Baja Kelp Talasoterapia S.A. de C.V. and Gustavo Pineda from Acuacultura Mahr, S.A. de C.V. for kindly donating the seaweed meals and the juvenile shrimp, respectively. We also thank to Patricia Hinojosa-Baltazar from the Laboratory of Compared Physiology at CIBNOR for the technical support.

Funding

This work was funded by Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) Mexico (Project PDCPN 2015-887). This work was realised within the framework of a UBO/CIBNOR agreement to receive Master’s degree students from UBO in order to complete their master thesis project and was supported by a grant to Alexia Omont by the “Laboratoire d’Excellence” LabexMER (ANR-10-LABX-19) and co-funded by a grant from the French government under the program “Investissements d’Avenir”.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO) - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM)PlouzanéFrance
  2. 2.CONACYT–CIBNOR, Calle IPN 195La PazMexico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR), Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195La PazMexico

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