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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 3405–3412 | Cite as

The effects of light intensity and temperature on the calcification rate of Halimeda macroloba

  • Anchana PrathepEmail author
  • Ratchanee Kaewsrikhaw
  • Jaruwan Mayakun
  • Anuchit Darakrai
8th Asian Pacific Phycological Forum

Abstract

As a phototrophic organism the calcareous green alga Halimeda macroloba is considered an important source of primary production. These algae live in a range of environments and help sequester CO2 through photosynthesis and calcification in coastal marine ecosystems. This study examined the calcification rate of H. macroloba under various light (50, 500, 900, 1200 μmol photons m−2 s−1) and temperature (25, 30, 35 °C) conditions. The rates of calcification, photosynthetic inorganic carbon (Ci) uptake, and relative electron transport rate (rETR) were measured using alkalinity titration methods and pulse-amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry in an experimental setup based on observation data; additionally, a future climate change scenario was simulated. The light intensity of 500 μmol photons m−2 s−1 promoted high calcification and Ci uptake rates at all temperatures, with the highest rates at 25 °C. The very low light intensity of 50 μmol photons m−2 s−1 was not enough to stimulate plant photosynthesis and calcification. The rates of both calcification and Ci uptake were significantly lower at all temperatures when plants were subjected to a high irradiance of 1200 μmol photons m−2 s−1 than those in the other light conditions. Photosynthetic rETR seems to be dependent on light intensity, but might not reflect the high production of plants under intense light conditions. Finally, we discuss how Halimeda could contribute to CO2 sequestration in response to climate change.

Keywords

Chlorophyta Halimeda macroloba Calcification Calcium carbonate Climate change Light intensity Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, for providing facilities for laboratory work. We are grateful for valuables suggetions and discussions from Prof. Sven Beer and Prof. Michael Borowitzka, which helped improve the manuscript and shaped up our research. 

Funding information

This research was supported by the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), under grant no. P-13-00576, and by the PTT Public Company Limited.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anchana Prathep
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ratchanee Kaewsrikhaw
    • 1
  • Jaruwan Mayakun
    • 1
  • Anuchit Darakrai
    • 1
  1. 1.Seaweed and Seagrass Research Unit, Excellence Centre for Biodiversity of Peninsular Thailand, Department of Biology Faculty of SciencePrince of Songkla UniversityHat YaiThailand

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