Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 575–584 | Cite as

Marine green macroalgae: a source of natural compounds with mineralogenic and antioxidant activities

  • Gwladys Surget
  • Vânia P. Roberto
  • Klervi Le Lann
  • Sara Mira
  • Fabienne Guérard
  • Vincent Laizé
  • Nathalie Poupart
  • M. Leonor Cancela
  • Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau


Marine macroalgae represent a valuable natural resource for bioactive phytochemicals with promising applications in therapeutics, although they remain largely under-exploited. In this work, the potential of two marine green macroalgae (Cladophora rupestris and Codium fragile) as a source of bioactive phenolic compounds was explored, and antioxidant, mineralogenic, and osteogenic activities were evaluated. For each species, a crude hydroalcoholic extract (CE) was prepared by solid/liquid extraction and fractionated by liquid/liquid purification into an ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) enriched in phenolic compounds and an aqueous fraction (AF). Antioxidant activity, assessed through radical scavenging activity and reducing power assay, was increased in EAF fraction of both species and closely related to the phenolic content in each fraction. Mineralogenic activity, assessed through extracellular matrix mineralization of a fish bone-derived cell line, was induced by EAF fractions (up to 600 % for C. rupestris EAF). Quantitative analysis of operculum formation in zebrafish larvae stained with alizarin red S further confirmed the osteogenic potential of EAF fractions in vivo, with an increase of more than 1.5-fold for both C. fragile and C. rupestris fractions, similar to vitamin D (control). Our results demonstrated a positive correlation between phenolic fractions and biological activity, suggesting that phenolic compounds extracted from marine green macroalgae may represent promising molecules toward therapeutic applications in the field of bone biology.


Ulvophyceae Phenolic compounds Antioxidant activity Mineralogenic activity Proliferative activity 



This work was financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)-Atlantic Area Programme through MARMED project (grant no. 2011-1/164), the European Era-Net, Seas-Era program through the project INVASIVES (grant no. ANR-12-SEAS-0002-01), and by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through project UID/Multi/04326/2013. The authors thank Paulo Gavaia for his help with the in vivo zebrafish system.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gwladys Surget
    • 1
  • Vânia P. Roberto
    • 2
  • Klervi Le Lann
    • 1
  • Sara Mira
    • 2
  • Fabienne Guérard
    • 1
  • Vincent Laizé
    • 2
  • Nathalie Poupart
    • 1
  • M. Leonor Cancela
    • 2
    • 3
  • Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau
    • 1
  1. 1.CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR UMR 6539, IUEMUniversity of BrestPlouzanéFrance
  2. 2.Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR)University of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical Sciences and Medicine (DCBM)University of AlgarveFaroPortugal

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