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Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 3295–3306 | Cite as

The fascinating diatom frustule—can it play a role for attenuation of UV radiation?

  • Marianne EllegaardEmail author
  • Torben Lenau
  • Nina Lundholm
  • Christian Maibohm
  • Søren Michael Mørk Friis
  • Karsten Rottwitt
  • Yanyan Su
Article

Abstract

Diatoms are ubiquitous organisms in aquatic environments and are estimated to be responsible for 20–25 % of the total global primary production. A unique feature of diatoms is the silica wall, called the frustule. The frustule is characterized by species-specific intricate nanopatterning in the same size range as wavelengths of visible and ultraviolet (UV) light. This has prompted research into the possible role of the frustule in mediating light for the diatoms’ photosynthesis as well as into possible photonic applications of the diatom frustule. One of the possible biological roles, as well as area of potential application, is UV protection. In this review, we explore the possible adaptive value of the silica frustule with focus on research on the effect of UV radiation on diatoms. We also explore the possible effect of the frustules on UV radiation, from a theoretical, biological, and applied perspective, including recent experimental data on UV transmission of diatom frustules.

Keywords

UV protection Photonics Photobiology Nanopatterning Diatom 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by The Danish Research Council (project ALPHA 12-127569). Sandra Walby helped with laboratory work and Jacob Snebjørn Brøgger Kristensen did preliminary studies on transmission through a spin-coated layer of frustules. Tomas Benzon helped with graphics in Fig. 2. Three anonymous reviewers are thanked for their comments that helped improve the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksbergDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark
  3. 3.The Natural History Museum of DenmarkUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark
  4. 4.Department of Photonics EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark

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