Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 2453–2458 | Cite as

Growth and biochemical composition of Kappaphycus (Rhodophyta) in customized tank culture system

  • Wahidatul Husna Zuldin
  • Suhaimi Yassir
  • Rossita ShapawiEmail author


The study was conducted to determine the growth and biochemical composition of Kappaphycus cultivated in a customized tank culture system. Two red seaweed species (Kappaphycus alvarezii and Kappaphycus striatum) were selected and cultivated using suspension culture method in the tank. Three cycles of 40-day culture trials were performed during September to December 2014, and both K. alvarezii and K. striatum were successfully grown in the tank. This is the first report on the success of seaweed culture in Malaysia involving land-based facility. Interestingly, K. striatum was found to grow better than K. alvarezii in the tank. The daily growth rate (DGR) and daily weight productivity (DWP) of K. alvarezii ranged from 1.96 ± 0.08 to 2.29 ± 0.11 % day−1 and 3.70 ± 0.20 to 4.55 ± 0.34 g DW m−2 day−1, and those of K. striatum ranged from 2.25 ± 0.06 to 2.96 ± 0.02 % day−1 and 4.48 ± 0.19 to 6.17 ± 0.18 g DW m−2 day−1, respectively. These values were influenced by the changes in the water quality variables during the culture period. On the other hand, the biochemical composition of K. alvarezii and K. striatum was not significantly different (p > 0.05) from each other. Both growth and biochemical composition of K. alvarezii and K. striatum in the present study were comparable with those cultured in the open sea. In conclusion, the findings indicate the ability of Kappaphycus to grow well in land-based cultivation system which can be further explored to support the development of local seaweed farming industry especially for the high-quality seed production.


Kappaphycus Seaweed Growth Productivity Customized tank culture Biochemical composition 



The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Education Malaysia for funding the research under the potential HiCoE program (project COE0005). We would also like to express our gratitude for BMRI (UMS) and Pulau Selakan Seaweed Farm Management Staff.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wahidatul Husna Zuldin
    • 1
  • Suhaimi Yassir
    • 1
  • Rossita Shapawi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Borneo Marine Research InstituteUniversiti Malaysia SabahKota KinabaluMalaysia

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