Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 1399–1413 | Cite as

Lipid productivity and fatty acid composition-guided selection of Chlorella strains isolated from Malaysia for biodiesel production

  • Vejeysri Vello
  • Siew-Moi Phang
  • Wan-Loy Chu
  • Nazia Abdul Majid
  • Phaik-Eem Lim
  • Soh-Kheang Loh
Article

Abstract

The need to develop biomass-based domestic production of high-energy liquid fuels (biodiesel) for transportation can potentially be addressed by exploring microalgae with high lipid content. Selecting the strains with adequate oil yield and quality is of fundamental importance for a cost-efficient biofuel feedstock production based on microalgae. This work evaluated 29 strains of Chlorella isolated from Malaysia as feedstock for biodiesel based on volumetric lipid productivity and fatty acid profiles. Phylogenetic studies based on 18S rRNA gene revealed that majority of the strains belong to true Chlorella followed by Parachlorella. The strains were similarly separated into two groups based on fatty acid composition. Of the 18 true Chlorella strains, Chlorella UMACC187 had the highest palmitic acid (C16:0) content (71.3 ± 4.2 % total fatty acids, TFA) followed by UMACC84 (70.1 ± 0.7 %TFA), UMACC283 (63.8 ± 0.7 %TFA), and UMACC001 (60.3 ± 4.0 %TFA). Lipid productivity of the strains at exponential phase ranged from 34.53 to 230.38 mg L−1 day−1, with Chlorella UMACC050 attaining the highest lipid productivity. This study demonstrated that Chlorella UMACC050 is a promising candidate for biodiesel feedstock production.

Keywords

Algae Biodiesel Biomass productivity Biotechnology Chlorella Fatty acid Lipid 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vejeysri Vello
    • 1
    • 2
  • Siew-Moi Phang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wan-Loy Chu
    • 3
  • Nazia Abdul Majid
    • 4
  • Phaik-Eem Lim
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soh-Kheang Loh
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES)University of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.International Medical University (IMU)Kuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Genetics and Molecular Biology Unit, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  5. 5.Malaysian Palm Oil BoardKajangMalaysia

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