Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 629–634 | Cite as

Effect of the commercial extract of the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum Mont. on Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P.C. Silva in situ submitted to lethal temperatures

  • Rafael Rodrigues Loureiro
  • Renata Perpetuo ReisEmail author
  • Rafael Guedes Marroig


Kappaphycus alvarezii is being introduced in several countries and in some of them there is a need to adapt this cultivation to periods with lethal temperatures, such as the 16–18 °C that occurs in the winter in southern Brazil. Moreover, there is the need to maintain the seedlings during this lethal temperature period. Considering the promising results obtained with the commercial powder extract of Ascophyllum nodosum (Acadian marine plant extract powder—AMPEP) treatment in the cultivation of K. alvarezii in vitro and in the sea allowing more resistance to epiphytes and increasing the growth rate and carrageenan yield, it was hypothesized that seedlings previously subjected to an AMPEP treatment could be more resilient to lethal temperatures. The daily growth rate and carrageenan yield and gel quality (gel strength and gel viscosity) of K. alvarezii in vitro previously treated with AMPEP were analyzed under temperature stress. The daily growth rates and the gel strengths of the AMPEP-treated samples were increased. In spite of the lower carrageenan yield and lower gel viscosity, the values were within the ones accepted by the carrageenan industry. Thus, the treatment of the seedlings of the K. alvarezii with AMPEP solution can be used as an alternative to lower temperature effects on crops as a preventive action for the cultivation of the seedlings in tanks and in the sea in periods of low temperatures at sea.


Aquaculture Biotechnology Improvement Lethal temperatures Resilience 



Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ) supported this research. The authors would like to thank Acadian Seaplants Limited for providing the AMPEP and Henrique Geromél de Góes for providing K. alvarezii samples.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Rodrigues Loureiro
    • 1
  • Renata Perpetuo Reis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rafael Guedes Marroig
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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