Advertisement

Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 177–182 | Cite as

Phyconanotechnology: synthesis of silver nanoparticles using brown marine algae Cystophora moniliformis and their characterisation

  • Tollamadugu N. V. K. V. PrasadEmail author
  • Venkata Subba Rao Kambala
  • Ravi Naidu
Article

Abstract

Biosynthesis of metallic nanoparticles is a relatively new developing area of nanotechnology which has economic and environmentally friendly advantages over conventional chemical and physical methods of synthesis. In this paper, we report for the first time, on the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the Australasian brown marine algae Cystophora moniliformis. An extract of this alga was used as a reducing and stabilising agent. Temperature-dependent variation of the size of the AgNPs was observed. Agglomeration of the nanoparticles was observed at high temperatures. The average size of the AgNPs formed at temperatures < 65°C was 75 nm, whereas they were >2 μm at higher temperatures. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern revealed face-centered cubic structure of the formed Ag nanoparticles.

Keywords

Nanotechnology Algae Silver nanoparticles Cystophora moniliformis Phyconanotechnology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author TNVKVP is thankful to the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace relations (DEEWR), Australia for Endeavour Research Fellowship. The authors are thankful to Centre for Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation (CERAR), University of South Australia and the Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of Environment (CARE) for infrastructure and research facilities.

References

  1. Ahmad A, Mukherjee P, Senapati S, Mandal D, Khan MI, Kumar R, Sastry M (2003) Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Colloid Surf B Biointerfaces 27:313–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akaighe N, MacCuspie RI, Navarro DA, Aga DS, Banerjee S, Soh M, Sharma VK (2011) Humic acid-induced silver nanoparticle formation under environmentally relevant conditions. Environ Sci Technol 45:3895–3901PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anastas PT, Warner JC (1998) Green chemistry: theory and practice. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Ankanna S, Prasad TNVKV, Elumalai EK, Savithramma N (2010) Production of biogenic silver nanoparticles using Boswellia ovalifoliolata stem bark. Dig J Nanomater Biostruct 5:369–372Google Scholar
  5. Burda C, Chen X, Narayanan R, El-Sayed MA (2005) Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes. Chemical Reviews 105:1025–1102Google Scholar
  6. Dallas P, Sharma VK, Zboril R (2011) Silver polymeric nanocomposites as advanced antimicrobial agents: classification, synthetic paths, applications, and perspectives. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 166:119–135Google Scholar
  7. Dwivedi AD, Gopal K (2010) Biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using Chenopodium album leaf extract. Colloids Surf, A Physicochem Eng Asp 369:27–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elumalai EK, Prasad TNVKV, Hemachandran J, Therasa SV, Thirumalai T, David E (2010) Extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles using leaves of Euphorbia hirta and their antibacterial activities. J Pharm Sci Res 2:549–554Google Scholar
  9. El-Sayed MA (2001) Some interesting properties of metals confined in time and nanometer space of different shapes. Acc Chem Res 34:257–264Google Scholar
  10. Fayaz AM, Balaji K, Kalaichelvan PT, Venkatesan R (2009) Fungal mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles—an effect of temperature on the size of particles. Colloid Surf B Biointerfaces 74:123–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Govindaraju K, Kiruthiga V, Kumar VG, Singaravelu G (2009) Extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles by a marine alga, Sargassum wightii Greville and their antibacterial effects. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 9:5497–5501PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huang J, Lin L, Li Q, Sun Y, Wang Y, Lu N, He K, Yang X, Wang H, Wang W, Lin W (2008) Continuous-flow biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by lixivium of sundried Cinnamomum camphora leaf in tubular microreactors. Ind Eng Chem Res 47:6081–6090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Klaus T, Joerger R, Ollson E, Granqvist CG (1999) Silver based crystalline nanoparticles, microbially fabricated. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:13611–13614PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Laird DW, Poole R, Wikstrom M, Van Altena IA (2007) Pycnanthuquinone C, an unusual 6,6,5-tricyclic geranyltoluquinone from the Western Australian brown alga Cystophora harveyi. J Nat Prod 70:671–674PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lengke MF, Fleet ME, Southam G (2006) Morphology of gold nanoparticles synthesized by filamentous cyanobacteria from gold (I)-thiosulfate and gold (III)-chloride complexes. Langmuir 22:2780–2787Google Scholar
  16. Nair B, Pradeep T (2002) Coalescence of nanoclusters and formation of submicron crystallites assisted by Lactobacillus strains. Cryst Growth Des 2:293–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ogi T, Saitoh N, Nomura T, Konishi Y (2010) Room temperature synthesis of gold nanoparticles and nanoplates using Shewenella algae cell extract. J Nanopart Res 12:2531–2539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parikh RY, Singh S, Prasad BLV, Patole MS, Sastry M, Shouche YS (2008) Extracellular synthesis of crystalline silver nanoparticles and molecular evidence of silver resistance from Morganella sp.: towards understanding biochemical synthesis mechanism. Chem Biochem 9:1415–1422Google Scholar
  19. Pradeep T, Anshup (2009) Noble metal nanoparticles for water purification: a critical review. Thin Solid Films 517:6441–6478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Prasad TNVKV, Kambala VSR, Naidu R (2011) A critical review on biogenic silver nanoparticles and their antimicrobial activity. Curr Nanosci 7:531–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rai M, Yadav P, Bridge P, Gade A (2009) Myconanotechnology: a new and emerging science. In: Bridge R (ed) Applied ecology. CABI Publications, UK, pp 258–267Google Scholar
  22. Rajini P, Srisindhura K, Prasad TNVKV, Hussain OM, Sudhakar P, Latha P, Balakrishna M, Venkata SRK, Raja Reddy K (2010) Fabrication of biogenic silver nanoparticles using agricultural crop plant leaf extracts. AIP Conf Proc 1276:148–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Reddy P, Urban S (2008) Linear and cyclic C18 terpenoids from the southern Australian marine brown alga Cystophora moniliformis. J Nat Prod 71:1441–1446PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sal’nikov DS, Pogorelova AS, Makarov SV, Vashurina IY (2009) Silver ion reduction with peat fulvic acids. Russ J Appl Chem 82:545–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sharma VK, Yngard RA, Lin Y (2009) Silver nanoparticles: green synthesis and their antimicrobial activities. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 145:83–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Singaravelu G, Arockiamary JS, Ganesh Kumar V, Govindaraju K (2007) A novel extracellular synthesis of monodisperse gold nanoparticles using marine alga, Sargassum wightii Greville. Colloid Surf B Biointerfaces 57:97–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Steinberg PD (1989) Biogeographical variation in brown algal polyphenolics and other secondary metabolites:comparison between temperate Australasia and North America 78(3) 373–382Google Scholar
  28. Womersley HBS (1984) The morphology and taxonomy of Cystophora and related genera (Phaeophyta). Aust J Bot 12:53–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wu E (1998) POWD—an interaction powder diffraction data interpretation and indexing program ver. 2.2. School of Physical Sciences, University of South Australia, Bedford Park, SA, 5042Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tollamadugu N. V. K. V. Prasad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Venkata Subba Rao Kambala
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ravi Naidu
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Frontier Technology, Regional Agricultural Research Station, Department of NanotechnologyAcharya NG Ranga UniversityTirupatiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Risk Assessment and RemediationUniversity of South AustraliaMawson LakesAustralia
  3. 3.CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of EnvironmentUniversity of South AustraliaMawson LakesAustralia

Personalised recommendations