Cultivation of Ulva lactuca with manure for simultaneous bioremediation and biomass production
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The potential of liquid manure as sole nutrient source for cultivation of Ulva lactuca was investigated with the perspective of utilizing the produced biomass for feed and/or energy. Algae grown with manure demonstrated equal growth rates to algae grown with standard f/2-medium. The optimum manure concentration, expressed as ammonium concentration, was 25 μM. At these conditions, the biomass produced was potentially suitable for anaerobic digestion, due to a relative high carbon/nitrogen ratio (approximately 19). At higher manure concentrations, tissue concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus, proteins, and amino acids increased, making the biomass less suitable for anaerobic digestion but potentially interesting as a feed supplement. Cultivating U. lactuca with manure as nutrient source has potential in terms of bioremediation as well as production of bioenergy and protein-feed.