Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1053–1065 | Cite as

Responses and structural recovery of periphytic diatom communities after short-term disturbance in some rivers (Hanoi, Vietnam)

  • Thi Thuy DuongEmail author
  • Michel Coste
  • Agnès Feurtet-Mazel
  • Dinh Kim Dang
  • Cuong Tu Ho
  • Thi Phuong Quynh Le


Field transfer experiments of periphytic diatom assemblages developed on artificial substrates were set up to assess the responses of those communities to environmental disturbances. The glass slides were positioned for colonization at the relatively unpolluted site (Red, in the Red River) and at the heavily polluted site (TL, in the To Lich River) in the beginning of the experiment. After a period of 2 weeks, the colonized glass slides were concomitantly transferred from the unpolluted Red site to the heavily polluted TL site and to the moderate polluted site (NT2, in the Nhue River) and, conversely, from the TL site to the Red site, and then to the NT2 site. The responses and the adapting capacity of periphytic diatom communities to environmental changes were assessed through the cell density, diversity index, species richness, taxonomic composition, and diatom indices after 2 and 4 weeks of transfer periods. For all transfers except for the transfer from the Red to the TL site in which the growth inhibition of diatom cells was found, the diatom density significantly increased until the end of the experiment. Thus, the diatom communities have expressed their pollution tolerance or sensitivities by changing their composition to adapt themselves to environmental changes. Characteristic species of the Red site (Gyrosigma scalproides, Navicula recens) were replaced by Nitzschia palea, Nitzschia umbonata, Aulacoseira granulate typical species of the NT2 site, in the biofilm transferred from the Red site to the NT2 site. The relative abundances of typical diatom species of the Red site proliferated in the biofilm transferred from the TL site to the Red site. The replacement of periphytic diatom communities appeared after the transfer from the second week at the different sites. The slow shift of the species towards the typical species at the TL site could result from the organized structure of diatoms within biofilm before the transfer from the Red site to the TL site. The shifts in values of the Index of Specific Polluosensitivity and Diatom Assemblage Index to organic pollution throughout the experiment indicated the clear sensitivity of these indices to water quality changes.


Responses Disturbance Periphytic diatom Recovery Artificial substrate Water pollution 



This study was carried out at first in the scope of the PhD thesis of T.T. Duong, financially supported by CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the ESPOIR programme, a French-Vietnamese co-operation project. Thanks to Prof. Georges Vachaud, Research Director at the CNRS for the coordination of the ESPOIR program (CNRS–VAST). This work was then performed in the framework of the NAFOSTED (Nasfosted Vietnam’s National Foundation for Science and Technology Development) ( project. We thank Mr. Joost Hegger for improvements to the native style of the manuscript. The authors thank many individuals for their help in collecting samples in the field. We gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions significantly improved the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thi Thuy Duong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michel Coste
    • 3
  • Agnès Feurtet-Mazel
    • 2
  • Dinh Kim Dang
    • 1
  • Cuong Tu Ho
    • 1
  • Thi Phuong Quynh Le
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental TechnologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Université de Bordeaux 1CNRS, UMR 5805 EPOCArcachonFrance
  3. 3.CemagrefUR REBXCestas CedexFrance
  4. 4.Institute of Natural Product ChemistryVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam

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