Advertisement

Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1053–1065 | Cite as

Responses and structural recovery of periphytic diatom communities after short-term disturbance in some rivers (Hanoi, Vietnam)

  • Thi Thuy DuongEmail author
  • Michel Coste
  • Agnès Feurtet-Mazel
  • Dinh Kim Dang
  • Cuong Tu Ho
  • Thi Phuong Quynh Le
Article

Abstract

Field transfer experiments of periphytic diatom assemblages developed on artificial substrates were set up to assess the responses of those communities to environmental disturbances. The glass slides were positioned for colonization at the relatively unpolluted site (Red, in the Red River) and at the heavily polluted site (TL, in the To Lich River) in the beginning of the experiment. After a period of 2 weeks, the colonized glass slides were concomitantly transferred from the unpolluted Red site to the heavily polluted TL site and to the moderate polluted site (NT2, in the Nhue River) and, conversely, from the TL site to the Red site, and then to the NT2 site. The responses and the adapting capacity of periphytic diatom communities to environmental changes were assessed through the cell density, diversity index, species richness, taxonomic composition, and diatom indices after 2 and 4 weeks of transfer periods. For all transfers except for the transfer from the Red to the TL site in which the growth inhibition of diatom cells was found, the diatom density significantly increased until the end of the experiment. Thus, the diatom communities have expressed their pollution tolerance or sensitivities by changing their composition to adapt themselves to environmental changes. Characteristic species of the Red site (Gyrosigma scalproides, Navicula recens) were replaced by Nitzschia palea, Nitzschia umbonata, Aulacoseira granulate typical species of the NT2 site, in the biofilm transferred from the Red site to the NT2 site. The relative abundances of typical diatom species of the Red site proliferated in the biofilm transferred from the TL site to the Red site. The replacement of periphytic diatom communities appeared after the transfer from the second week at the different sites. The slow shift of the species towards the typical species at the TL site could result from the organized structure of diatoms within biofilm before the transfer from the Red site to the TL site. The shifts in values of the Index of Specific Polluosensitivity and Diatom Assemblage Index to organic pollution throughout the experiment indicated the clear sensitivity of these indices to water quality changes.

Keywords

Responses Disturbance Periphytic diatom Recovery Artificial substrate Water pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was carried out at first in the scope of the PhD thesis of T.T. Duong, financially supported by CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the ESPOIR programme, a French-Vietnamese co-operation project. Thanks to Prof. Georges Vachaud, Research Director at the CNRS for the coordination of the ESPOIR program (CNRS–VAST). This work was then performed in the framework of the NAFOSTED (Nasfosted Vietnam’s National Foundation for Science and Technology Development) (105.09.89.09) project. We thank Mr. Joost Hegger for improvements to the native style of the manuscript. The authors thank many individuals for their help in collecting samples in the field. We gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions significantly improved the manuscript.

References

  1. APHA (1995) American Public Health Association. American Water Works Association (AWWA), Water Environment Federation (WEF). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn. American Public Health Association, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Barranguet C, Charantoni E, Plans M, Admiraal W (2000) Short-term response of monospecific and natural algal biolms to copper exposure. Eur J Phycol 35:39–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cattaneo A, Couillard Y, Wunsam S, Courcelles M (2004) Diatom taxonomic and morphological changes as indicators of metal pollution and recovery in Lac Dufault (Québec, Canada). J Paleolimnol 32:163–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cemagref (1982) Etude des méthodes biologiques d’appréciation quantitative de la qualité des eaux. Rapport Q. E. Lyon-A. F. Bassin Rhône-Méditeranée-Corse-Cemagref, Lyon, France, p 218Google Scholar
  5. Centis B, Tolotti M, Salmaso N (2010) Structure of the diatom community of the River Adige (North-Eastern Italy) along a hydrological gradient. Hydrobiologia 639:37–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Descy JP, Coste M (1991) A test of methods for assessing water quality based on diatoms. Verh Internat Limnol 24:2112–2116Google Scholar
  7. Dixit SS, Smol JP, Kinston JC, Charles DF (1992) Diatoms: powerful indicators of environmental change. Environ Sci Tech 26:23–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Duong TT, Coste M, Feurtet-Mazel A, Dang DK, Gold C, Park YS, Boudou A (2006) Impact of urban pollution from the Hanoi area on benthic diatom communities collected from the Red, Nhue and To Lich rivers (Vietnam). Hydrobiologia 563:201–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Duong TT, Feurtet-Mazel A, Coste M, Dang DK, Boudou A (2007) Dynamics of diatom colonization process in some rivers influenced by urban pollution (Hanoi, Vietnam). Ecol Indic 7:839–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. EN 13946 2003 (2003) Water quality. Guidance standard for the routine sampling and pre-treatment of benthic diatom from rivers, p. 18Google Scholar
  11. EN 14407 2004 (2004) Water quality. Guidance standard for the identification, enumeration and interpretation of benthic diatom samples from running waters, p. 16Google Scholar
  12. Genter RB (1996) Ecotoxicology of inorganic chemical stress to algae. In: Stevenson RJ, Bothwell ML, Lowe RL (eds) Algal ecology of freshwater benthic ecosystem, aquatic ecology series. Academic, Boston, pp 403–468Google Scholar
  13. Gibson CE, Fitzsimons AG (1991) Light break in the dark period depresses the growth rate of a freshwater planktonic diatom. Diatom Res 6:15–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gold C, Feurtet-Mazel A, Coste M, Boudou A (2002) Field transfer of periphytic diatom communities to assess short-term structural effects of metals (Cd, Zn) in rivers. Water Res 36:3654–3664PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gold C, Feurtet-Mazel A, Coste M, Boudou A (2003) Impacts of metals (Cd, Zn) on the development of periphytic diatom communities within outdoor artificial streams along a pollution gradient. Arch Environ Con Tox 44:189–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hill BH, Willingham WT, Parrish LP, McFarland BH (2000) Periphyton community responses to elevated metal concentrations in a Rocky Mountain stream. Hydrobiologia 428:161–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoagland KD (1983) Short-term standing crop and diversity of periphytic diatom in a eutrophic reservoir. J Phycol 19:30–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hoagland KD, Roemer SC, Rosowski JR (1982) Colonization and community structure of two periphyton assemblages, with emphasis on the diatoms (Bacillariophyceae). Am J Bot 69:188–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Iserentant R, Blancke D (1986) A transplantation experiment in running water to measure the response rate of diatoms to changes in water quality. In: Ricard M (ed), Proceedings of the 8th International Diatom Symposium, Paris, 1984. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein. In Proceedings of the 8th Diatom Symposium, Paris, pp. 347–354Google Scholar
  20. Ivorra N, Hettelaar J, Tubbing GMJ, Kraak MHS, Sabater S, Admiraal W (1999) Translocation of microbenthic algal assemblages used for in situ analysis of metal pollution in rivers. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 37:19–28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jüttner I, Rothfritz H, Ormerod JO (1996) Diatoms as indicators of river quality in the Nepalese Middle Hills with consideration of the effects of habitat-specific sampling. Freshwater Biol 36:475–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kasai F (1999) Shift in herbicide tolerance in paddy field periphyton following herbicide application. Chemosphere 38:919–931PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Keller W, Yan ND (1998) Biological recovery from lake acidification: zooplankton communities as a model of patterns and processes. Restor Ecol 6:364–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kono Y, Doan TD (1995) Effect of water control on rice cultivation in the Red river delta, Vietnam: a case study in the Nhue river irrigation system. JSEAS 32:425–445Google Scholar
  25. Krammer K, Lange-Betarlot H (1986–1991) Bacillariophyceae. 1.Teil: Naviculaceae. 876 p; 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae, 596 p; 3. Teil: Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae, 576 p; 4. Teil: Achnanthaceae. Kritische Ergänzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema. 437 p. In: H, Ettl Gerloff, J Heynig, H Mollenhauer, D. (Eds.), Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 2485 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Kurosawa K, Do NNH, Nguyen HT, Ho TLT, Nguyen TC, Kazuhiko E (2004) Monitoring of inorganic nitrogen levels in the surface and ground water of the Red River Delta, Northern Vietnam. Commun Soil Sci Plant 35:1645–1662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lacoursière S, Lavoie I, Rodríguez MA, Campeau S (2011) Modeling the response time of diatom assemblages to simulated water quality improvement and degradation in running waters. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 68:487–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lange-Bertalot H (1979) Pollution tolerance of diatoms as a criterion for water quality estimation. Nova. Hedwigia 64: 285–304Google Scholar
  29. Lavoie I, Campeau S, Grenier M, Dillon PJ (2006) A diatom-based index for the biological assessment of eastern Canadian rivers: an application of correspondence analysis (CA). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63:1793–1811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lavoie I, Campeau S, Darchambeau F, Cabana G, Dillon PJ (2008) Are diatoms good integrators of temporal variability in stream water quality? Freshwater Biol 53:827–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Le TPQ (2005) Biogeochemical functioning of the Red River (North Vietnam): budgets and modeling. Thèse Université Paris VI (France) and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), p. 187Google Scholar
  32. Lecointe C, Coste M, Prygiel J (1993) “OMNIDIA” software for taxonomy, calculation of diatom indices and inventories management. Hydrobiologia 269/270:509–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lowe RL, Pan Y (1996) Benthic algal communities as biological monitors. In: Stevenson RJ, Bothwell ML, Lowe RL (eds) Algal ecology of freshwater benthic ecosystem, aquatic ecology series. Academic, Boston, pp 705–739Google Scholar
  34. McCormick PV, Stevenson RJ (1998) Periphyton as a tool for ecological assessment and management in the Florida everglades. J Phycol 34:726–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McCune B, Mefford MJ (1999) PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 4.0. MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, Oregon USA, p. 237Google Scholar
  36. Morin S, Vivas-Nogues M, Duong TT, Boudou A, Coste M, Delmas F (2007) Dynamics of benthic diatom colonization in a cadmium/zinc-polluted river (Riou-Mort, France). Fundam Appl Limnol 168:179–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Morin S, Bottin M, Mazzella N, Macary F, Delmas F, Winterton P, Coste M (2009) Linking diatom community structure to pesticide input as evaluated through a spatial contamination potential (Phytopixal): a case study in the Neste river system (South-West France). Aquat Toxicol 94:28–39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Morin S, Pesce S, Tlili A, Coste M, Montuelle B (2010) Recovery potential of periphytic communities in a river impacted by a vineyard watershed. Ecol Indic 10:419–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Nguyen QT (2001) Impact of wastewater on water quality in irrigation system and treatment measures to reduce pollution: a case study in Nhue irrigation system. In: Working Paper 30 Wastewater reuse in agriculture in Vietnam: water management, environment and human health aspects. Proceedings of a workshop held in Hanoi (Vietnam), IWMI, p 18–19.Google Scholar
  40. Niederlehner BR, Cairns J (1992) Community response to cumulative toxic impact: effects of acclimation on zinc tolerance of Auwuchs. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 49:2155–2163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Niyogi DK, Lewis WMJ, McKnight DM (2002) Effects of stress from mine drainage on diversity, biomass, and function of primary producers in mountain streams. Ecosystem 5:554–567Google Scholar
  42. O’Farrell I, Tell G, Podlejski A (2001) Morphological variability of Aulacoseira granulata (Ehr.) Simonsen (Bacillariophyceae) in the Lower Paraná River (Argentina). Limnology 2:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pan YD, Stevenson RJ, Vaithiyanathan P, Slate J, Richardson CJ (2000) Changes in algal assemblage along observed and experimental phosphorus gradients in a subtropical wetland, USA. Freshwater Biol 44:339–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Potapova M, Charles FD (2005) Choice of substrate in algae-based water-quality assessment. J N Am Bentholl Soc 24:415–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rimet F, Cauchie HM, Hoffmann L, Ector L (2005) Response of diatom to simulated water quality improvements in a river. J Appl Phycol 17:119–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rimet F, Ector L, Cauchie HM, Hoffmann L (2009) Changes in diatom-dominated biofilms during simulated improvements in water quality: implications for diatom-based monitoring in rivers. Eur J Phycol 44:567–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rott E, Duthie HC, Pipp E (1998) Monitoring organic pollution and eutrophication in the Grand River, Ontario, by means of diatoms. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 55:1443–1453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sabate S (2000) Diatom communities as indicators of environmental stress in the Guadiamar River, S-W Spain, following a major mine tailing spill. J Appl Phycol 12:113–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Shannon CE, Weaver W (1963) The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois, Urbana, p 125Google Scholar
  50. Soininen J (2003) Heterogeneity of benthic diatom communities in different spatial scales and current velocities in a turbid river. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 156:551–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Soininen J (2004) Determinants of benthic diatom community structure in boreal streams: the role of environmental and spatial factors at different scales. Int Rev Hydrobiol 89:139–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Soldo D, Behra R (2000) Long-term effects of copper on the structure of freshwater periphyton communities and their tolerance to copper, zinc, nickel and silver. Aquat Toxicol 47:181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. StatSoft Inc (2004) STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7. www.statsoft.com
  54. Stevenson RJ, Peterson CG (1991) Emigration and immigration can be important determinants of benthic diatom assemblages in streams. Freshwater Biol 26:279–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Stevenson RJ, Peterson CG, Kirschtel DB, King CC, Tuchman NC (1991) Density-dependent growth, ecological strategies and effects of nutrients and shading on benthic diatom succession in streams. J Phycol 27:59–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tang JX, Hoagland KD, Siegfried BD (1997) Differential toxicity of atrazine to selected freshwater algae. Bull Contam Toxicol 59:631–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tetsuro K, Takuma F, Huynh TH, Shuzo T (2009) Assessment of heavy metal pollution in river of Hanoi, Vietnam using multivariate analysis. Environ Contam Tox 83:575–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tien Ch J, Wub WH, Chuang TL, Chen CS (2009) Development of river biofilms on artificial substrates and their potential for biomonitoring water quality. Chemosphere 76:1288–1295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Tolcach ER, Gomez N (2002) The effect of translocation of microbenthic communities in a polluted lowland stream. Verh Int Verein Limnol 28:254–258Google Scholar
  60. Trinh AD (2003) Etude de la qualité des eaux d’un hydrosystème fluvial urbain autour de Hanoi (Vietnam) suivi expérimental et modélisation. Thèse Université Grenoble 1, France and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 265 pp.Google Scholar
  61. Vilbaste S, Truu J (2003) Distribution of benthic diatoms in relation to environmental variables in lowland streams. Hydrobiologia 493:81–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Watanabe T, Asai K, Houki A (1986) Numerical estimation to organic pollution of flowing water by using epilithic diatom assemblage. Diatom assemblage Index (DAIpo). Sci Total Environ 55:209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Whitton BA, Rott E (1996) Use of Algae for monitoring rivers II. Institut für Botanik, Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria, p. 196Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thi Thuy Duong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michel Coste
    • 3
  • Agnès Feurtet-Mazel
    • 2
  • Dinh Kim Dang
    • 1
  • Cuong Tu Ho
    • 1
  • Thi Phuong Quynh Le
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental TechnologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Université de Bordeaux 1CNRS, UMR 5805 EPOCArcachonFrance
  3. 3.CemagrefUR REBXCestas CedexFrance
  4. 4.Institute of Natural Product ChemistryVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations