Antioxidant activities and phenolics content of eight species of seaweeds from north Borneo
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The antioxidant activity of eight edible species of Malaysian North Borneo seaweeds obtained from Sabah waters (Kudat, Tanjung Aru and Semporna) consisting of three red seaweeds (Eucheuma cottonii, E. spinosum and Halymenia durvillaei), two green seaweeds (Caulerpa lentillifera and C. racemosa) and three brown seaweeds (Dictyota dichotoma, Sargassum polycystum and Padina sp.) were determined. Methanol and diethyl ether were used as extraction solvent. The antioxidant activities were determined by two methods, TEAC (trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity) and FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) assays. The total phenolic content of the extract was determined according to the Folin–Ciocalteu method and results were expressed as phloroglucinol equivalents. The methanolic extracts of green seaweeds, C. lentillifera and C. racemosa, and the brown seaweed, S. polycystum showed better radical-scavenging and reducing power ability, and higher phenolic content than the other seaweeds. The TEAC and FRAP assays showed positive and significantly high correlation (R 2 = 0.89). There was a strong correlation (R 2 = 0.96) between the reducing power and the total phenolic content of the seaweeds methanolic dry extracts. These seaweeds could be potential rich sources of natural antioxidants.
KeywordsSeaweeds Antioxidant activity TEAC FRAP Phenolics North Borneo waters
The authors would like to thank Borneo Marine Research Institute at the Universiti Malaysia Sabah and Sabah Fisheries Department for supplying the seaweeds, Dr. Charles Vairappan for collection of seaweeds and technical assistance, and Teh Ooi Kock of University Malaya for their technical assistance in the antioxidant assays. This study was funded by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia.
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