Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 657–665 | Cite as

Composition of phytobenthos in “lab-lab”, a periphyton-based extensive aquaculture technology for milkfish in brackishwater ponds during dry and wet seasons

  • N.R. FortesEmail author
  • L.A.G. Pinosa


The study compared the species composition of phytoperiphyton (“lab-lab”) present in ponds when gradually filled with water weekly to depths of 5, 10, 15 and 30 cm between the wet and dry seasons, for one month before the stocking of fish was studied. This was done during the dry season (March–April, 2003) and wet season (June–July, 2002). Periphyton was allowed to grow on 24 artificial substrates set at equal distances in a 1000 m2 pond. “Lab-lab” that colonized the artificial substrates and that on the pond surrounding the substrates were scraped off from a measured surface area. Simultaneously, water was collected for the analysis of physical, chemical and biological parameters. Sampling was done bi-weekly coinciding with 2 and 7 days submergence at a desired depth before adjusting the water level. The major algae consisted of the diatoms (Bacilliarophyta), the blue green algae (Cyanobacteria), and the green algae (Chlorophyta). The diatoms were dominant during the dry season while the cyanobacteria dominated during the wet season. Twenty eight genera were observed during the dry season and 25 genera were noted in the wet season. Variation in genera and density that were observed every sampling period, was influenced by environmental conditions and the incoming water. The total algal density ranged from 100.7 × 108 – 855.1 × 108 and to 24.7 × 108 – 83.9 × 108 organisms.m−2 during the dry and wet seasons, respectively.


Algal mat Benthic algal community Biological complex Phytobenthos Pond scum Phytoperiphyton “lab-lab” 



The authors would like to thank the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of the Philippines Visayas for financial support, the Brackishwater Aquaculture Center, Institute of Aquaculture, University of the Philippines Visayas for the pond used, Dr. Romeo D. Fortes for his help in the manuscript preparation, Dr. Roman Sanares for statistical advice and Mr. Pedro Fernandez for the weather data, Ms. Mercy Fabrigas for computer works, and support staff and laborers for their help in purchasing, sampling pond, and for all the work they did to complete this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Aquaculture, College of Fisheries and Ocean SciencesUniversity of the Philippines VisayasMiagao, IloiloPhilippines
  2. 2.Brackishwater Aquaculture Center, Institute of Aquaculture, College of Fisheries and Ocean SciencesUniversity of the Philippines VisayasLeganes, IloiloPhilippines

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