Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 105–117 | Cite as

Benthic Diatom Communities Along pH and TP Gradients in Hungarian and Swedish Streams

  • Csilla KovácsEmail author
  • Maria Kahlert
  • Judit Padisák


Benthic diatoms are widely used in Europe to assess ecological status of running waters. The aim of this study was to develop models to predict average pH and total phosphorus (TP) for European stream monitoring using combined diatom data-sets from Hungary and Sweden. As first step, the relationship between the measured environmental variables and the distribution of the taxa was checked by classification by using cluster-analysis and CCA. Diatom data separated clearly along the main hydrogeochemical parameters (e.g. alkalinity, pH). Concerning nutrients, TP was the most determinant factor. Predictive value of the TP model (r = 0.96) is high only for the Hungarian data and the pH model (r = 0.97) can be used in both phycogeographical regions.


diatoms ecotypes pH streams TP water framework directive 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LimnologyUniversity of VeszprémVeszprémHungary
  2. 2.Department of Limnology, EBC, Erken Laboratory Norr Malma 4200Uppsala University, EBCNorrtäljeSweden

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