Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 18, Issue 3–5, pp 551–556 | Cite as

Phenology of Chondrus ocellatus in Cheongsapo Near Busan, Korea



The reproductive phenology of Chondrus ocellatus and the effects of temperature and light on its growth were examined in Cheongsapo near Busan, Korea, from September 1994 to August 1995. The vegetative plants dominated over the year, with a peak occurrence in January. Gameto- and tetrasporophytes were most abundant in November and August. All vegetative and reproductive plants had a peak both in length and weight in October, when seawater temperature was highest (24°C). In laboratory culture, the maximum relative growth rate (RGR) of 2.94% day−1 was obtained at 20°C and 100 μmol photons m−2 s−1, whereas the lowest value was recorded at 25°C and 100 μmol photons m−2 s−1 in a 12: 12 h LD photoperiod regime. Among the three photoperiod regimes (8:16 h, 12:12 h, 16:8 h LD) tested, there was evidence of a higher RGR in the 12:12 h LD cycle. This result suggests that the growth and reproduction of C. ocellatus are correlated with the seawater temperature based on laboratory culture and field observations.


Chondrus ocellatus reproductive phenology Korea growth 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Braud JP, Perez R (1979) Farming on pilot scale of Eucheuma spinosum (Florideophyceae) in Djibouti waters. Proceedings of the Tenth International Seaweed Symposium. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, pp. 553–558.Google Scholar
  2. Brodie J, Guiry MD, Masuda M (1993) Life history, morphology and crossability of Chondrus ocellatus forma ocellatus and C. ocellatus forma crispoides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the north-western Pacific. European Journal of Phycology 28: 183–1996.Google Scholar
  3. Choi Y, Kim SK (1999) Anticoagulant properties of carrageenans from Chondrus ocellatus. Proceedings of 1999 Spring Joint Meeting of the Korean Societies on Fisheries Science, pp. 151–152.Google Scholar
  4. Chopin T, Sharp G, Belyea E, Semple R, Jones D (1999) Open-water aquaculture of the red alga Chondrus crispus in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Hydrobiologia 398/399: 417–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dawes CJ, Mathieson AC, Cheney DP (1974) Ecological studies of floridiean Eucheuma (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). I. Seasonal growth and reproduction. Bulletin of Marine Science 24: 235–273.Google Scholar
  6. Destombe C, Godin J, Bodard M (1988) The decay phase in the life history of Gracilaria verrucosa: The consequences in intensive cultivation. In Stadler T, Molion J, Verdus MC, Karamanos Y, Morvan H, Christiaen D (eds). Algal Biotechnology. Elsevier Applied Science, London, pp. 287–303.Google Scholar
  7. Hannach G, Santelices B (1985) Ecological differences between the isomorphic reproductive phase of two species of Iridaea (Rhodophyta; Gigartinales). Marine Ecological Progress Series 22: 291–303.Google Scholar
  8. Ji Y, Guo J (1992) The effect of temperature on the growth and development of Chondrus ocellatus. Journal of Dalian Fisheries College/Dalian Shuichan Xueyuan Xuebao 7: 32–37.Google Scholar
  9. Kang JW (1968) Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fauna & Flora of Korea Vol. 8. Marine algae. Sam Hwa Press, Seoul 465 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Li X, Jiang Q, Lu J, Tao W (1994) A description of Chondrus ocellatus Holmes and its variation in bay of Liadong Peninsula. Journal of Dalian Fisheries College/Dalian Shuichan Xueyuan Xuebao 9: 21–25.Google Scholar
  11. Lüning K (1985) Meeresbotank: Verbreitung, Ökophysiologie und Nutzung der marinen Makroalgen. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. 375 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Ohno M, Largo DB, Ikumoto T (1994) Growth rate, carrageenan yield and gel properties of cultured kappa-carrageenan producing red alga Kappaphycus alvarezi (Doty) Doty in the subtropical waters of Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Applied Phycology 6: 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Piriz ML (1996) Phenology of a Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell et Gardner population in Chubut Province (Argentina). Botanica Marina 39: 311–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Provasoli L (1968) Media and prospects for the cultivation of marine algae. In Watanabe A, Hattori A (eds.), Cultures and Collection of Algae. Japanese Society of Plant Physiology, Tokyo 63–77.Google Scholar
  15. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1995) Biometry, 3rd edition. Freeman WH New York. 859 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Taylor ARA, Chen LCM (1994) Chondrus Stackhouse. In Akatsuka I. (ed.), Biology of Economic Algae, SPB Academic Publishing, Hague, pp. 35–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Marine Life ScienceKunsan National UniversityKusanKorea
  2. 2.Faculty of Life ScienceWonkwang UniversityIksanKorea
  3. 3.Department of Marine BiologyPukyong National UniversityNam-guKorea

Personalised recommendations