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Effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of Gracilaria verrucosa and G. chorda, with the Potential for mariculture in Korea

  • H. G. ChoiEmail author
  • Y. S. Kim
  • J. H. Kim
  • S. J. Lee
  • E. J. Park
  • J. Ryu
  • K. W. Nam
Article

Abstract

Effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of the two agarophytes, Gracilaria verrucosa (Hudson) Papenfuss and Gracilaria chorda Holmes were examined in Korea. Both species grew over a wide range of temperatures (10–30 C) and salinities (5–35‰), and grew well at 17–30 C and a salinity of 15–30‰. In culture, G. verrucosa grew faster than G. chorda and their maximum growth rates were 4.95% day−1 (30 C, 25‰) and 4.47% day−1 (at 25 C, 25‰), respectively. In the field population the maximum growth and fertility of G. chorda were observed in summer. The growth rate of G. verrucosa was slightly higher than that of G. chorda for 2 weeks on the cultivation rope and in culture but it was much lower after being contaminated with epiphytes. The biomass of the epiphytes was 0.82 g dry wt. per host plant in G. verrucosa and 0.001 g in G. chorda. G. chorda exhibited resistance to epiphytism and grew 7 times in length and the dry weight increased 15 times after 55 days. In conclusion, G. chorda appears to be a good agarophyte with a fast growth rate and resistance to epiphytesm, and compared with G. verrucosa, has good potential for commercial cultivation.

Key words

Gracilaria chorda G. verrucosa growth cultivation salinity temperature 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Y. S. Kim
    • 2
  • J. H. Kim
    • 3
  • S. J. Lee
    • 4
  • E. J. Park
    • 4
  • J. Ryu
    • 4
  • K. W. Nam
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Biological Science and Institute of Basic Natural SciencesWonkwang UniversityIksanKorea
  2. 2.School of Marine Life ScienceKunsan National UniversityKusanKorea
  3. 3.Jang Heung Fisheries Technology InstituteJeonnamKorea
  4. 4.Department of Marine BiologyPukyong National UniversityBusanKorea

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