Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 489–497 | Cite as

Evaluation of the bioremediatory potential of several species of the red alga Porphyra using short-term measurements of nitrogen uptake as a rapid bioassay

  • George P. KraemerEmail author
  • Raquel Carmona
  • Thierry Chopin
  • Christopher Neefus
  • Xiaorong Tang
  • Charles Yarish


Rates of inorganic nitrogen uptake by three Northeast US and three Asian species of Porphyra were compared in short-term incubations to evaluate potential for longer term and larger scale examination of bioremediation of nutrient-loaded effluents from finfish aquaculture facilities. The effects of nitrogen (N) species and concentration, temperature, acclimation history, and irradiance were investigated. Uptake rates increased ca. nine-fold from 20 to 150 μM N. Nitrate and ammonium uptake occurred at similar rates. Irradiance had a strong effect, with uptake at 40 μmol photons m−2 s−1only 55% of uptake at 150 μmol photons m−2 s−1. N-replete tissue took up inorganic nitrogen at rates that averaged only 60% of nutrient-deprived tissue. Although there were species (P. amplissima > (P. purpurea = P. umbilicalis)) and temperature effects (10 °C>5 °C>15 °C), interactions among factors indicated that individual species be considered separately. Overall, P. amplissima was the best Northeast US candidate. It took up ammonium at faster rates than other local species at 10 and 15 °C, two temperatures that fall within the expected range of industrial conditions for finfish operations.

Key Words

ammonium integrated aquaculture nitrogen Porphyra uptake 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • George P. Kraemer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raquel Carmona
    • 2
  • Thierry Chopin
    • 3
  • Christopher Neefus
    • 4
  • Xiaorong Tang
    • 5
  • Charles Yarish
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesSUNY Purchase CollegePurchaseUSA
  2. 2.Departmento de EcologíaFacultad de CienciasMálagaSpain
  3. 3.Centre for Coastal Studies and Aquaculture and Centre for Environmental and Molecular Algal ResearchUniversity of New BrunswickSaint JohnCanada
  4. 4.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA
  5. 5.College of Marine Life SciencesOcean UniversityQingdaoPR China
  6. 6.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ConnecticutStamfordUSA

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