Nigeria’s Response to the Impacts of Climate Change: Developing Resilient and Ethical Adaptation Options

  • N. A. OnyekuruEmail author
  • Rob Marchant


Global climate change will have a strong impact on Nigeria, particularly on agricultural production and associated livelihoods. Although there is a growing scientific consensus about the impact of climate change, efforts so far in Nigeria to deal with these impacts are still rudimentary and not properly coordinated. There is little evidence of any pragmatic approach towards tracking climate change in order to develop an evidence base on which to formulate national adaptation strategies. Although Nigeria is not alone in this regard, the paper asserts that National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy could help address this situation by guiding the integration of climate change adaptation into government policies, strategies, and programs, with particular focus on the most vulnerable groups and the agricultural sectors. There is an urgent need to adopt abatement strategies that will provide economic incentives to reduce the risk from disasters, such as developing agricultural practices that are more resilient to a changing climate.


Climate change Agriculture Nigeria Adaptation Sustainability Resilience 


  1. Adapide, B. (2004). The impact of oil on Nigeria’s economic policy formulation. Paper presented at the conference on Nigeria: Maximizing pro-poor growth: Regenerating the socio-economic database, organized by overseas development institute in collaboration with the Nigerian Economic Summit Group, 16–17 June 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Adesina, F. A., & Adejuwon, J. O. (1994). Climate change and potential impact on biomass energy production in Nigeria: A preliminary assessment. Paper presented at the international workshop on the impact of global climate change on energy development lagos Nigeria, March 28–30.Google Scholar
  3. Awosika, L. F., French, G. T., Nicholls, R. T., & Ibe, C. E. (1992) The impacts of sea level rise on the coastline of Nigeria. In: OCallahan, J. (Ed.) Global climate change and the rising challenge of the sea. Proceedings of the IPCC Workshop at Margarita Island, Venezuela, 913 March 1992.Google Scholar
  4. Boko, M., I. Niang, A. Nyong, C. Vogel, A. Githeko, M. Medany, B. Osman-Elasha, R. T., & Yanda, P. (2007). Africa. Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., van der Linden, P.J., Hanson, C.E. (Eds.) Contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (pp. 433–467). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  5. Brandolino, M. (2010). Environmental regulations: Science, economics, and ethics. Accessed November 01, 2010 from
  6. DFID (2009) Impact of climate change on Nigeria’s Economy. ERM’s Oxford Office.Google Scholar
  7. Egbonugwu, M., & Adegboye, K. (2009) Nigeria: Lagos agenda to safeguard the environment. The Vanguard, April 9, 2009.Google Scholar
  8. Federal Department of Agriculture (2008) Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture 19962008. National centre for genetic resource and Biotechnology, Ibadan.Google Scholar
  9. Federal Government of Nigeria (2003) ‘Nigeria’s first national communication’ under the United Nations framework convention on climate change, Abuja, Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Environment.Google Scholar
  10. Fischer, F., Mahendra, S., Francesco, N. T., & Harrij van, V. (2005). Socio-Economic and Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture: An Integrated Assessment, 19902080
  11. Ikeme, J. (2008). Assessing the future of Nigeria’s economy: ignored threats from the global climate change debacle. Developing World Built Environment Research Unit, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.Google Scholar
  12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (1996). Climate change 1995: Impacts, adaptations, and mitigation of climate change: Scientific-technical analyses. In Watson, R. T., Zinyowera M. C., & Moss, R. H. (Eds.) Contribution of working group II to the second assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 880 pp.Google Scholar
  13. IPCC (1990). First assessment report 1990 (FAR).Google Scholar
  14. IPCC (1995). Climate Change 1995, Second assessment report 1995 (SAR).Google Scholar
  15. IPCC (2001). Climate Change 2001, Third assessment report 2001 (TAR).Google Scholar
  16. IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007, Fourth assessment report 2007 (AR4).Google Scholar
  17. McCarthy M. (2006) “Climate change will cause ‘Refugee Crisis,’” Independent, October 20. Accessed May 11, 2011 from
  18. Mendelsohn, R. (2000). Efficient adaptation to climate change. Climatic Change, 45, 583–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Muhammad, R. A. (2008). Nigeria: Stemming the impact of climate change. Daily Trust, 21st July, 2008.Google Scholar
  20. Nigerian Tribune (2011) Nigeria grew economy by 7.86% in 2010. Nigerian tribun, 18 February 2011.Google Scholar
  21. Ogonnaya, R. (2009). Nigeria: Plant a tree, reclaim the environment. This Day, 1st April, 2009.Google Scholar
  22. Oisahoin, I. (2008). Nigeria: Combating the effect of climate change. This Day, 9 September, 2008.Google Scholar
  23. Okorie, O. (2009). Nigeria faces the Obama threat, newsworld magazine, and February 9, 2009.Google Scholar
  24. Parry, M. L., Arnell, N. W., McMichael, A. J., Nicholls, R. J., Martens, P. R., Kovats, S., et al. (2001). Millions at risk: Defining critical climate change Threats and Targets. Global Environmental Change, 11, 181–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Podesta, J., & Ogden, P. (2007). Global warning: The security challenges of climate change. Retrieved from: Accessed May 4, 2011.
  26. Podesta, J., & Ogden, P. (2008). The security implications of climate change. The Washington Quarterly, 31(1), 115–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Slater, R., Peskett, L., Ludi, E., & Brown, D. (2007). Climate change, agricultural policy and poverty reductionhow much do we know? Overseas Development Institute, London.Google Scholar
  28. Taylor, C. (2010). Where is Nigeria located? Nigeria Location Map. Accessed on April 01, 2011 from
  29. United Nations Statistics Office (2010) Carbon dioxide Emission. Accessed May 12, 2011 from

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecosystems and Society Research Cluster, Department of EnvironmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK

Personalised recommendations