Food Supply Chain Governance And Public Health Externalities: Upstream Policy Interventions And The UK State

Article

Abstract

Contemporary food supply chains are generating externalities with high economic and social costs, notably in public health terms through the rise in diet-related non-communicable disease. The UK State is developing policy strategies to tackle these public health problems alongside intergovernmental responses. However, the governance of food supply chains is conducted by, and across, both private and public spheres and within a multilevel framework. The realities of contemporary food governance are that private interests are key drivers of food supply chains and have institutionalized a great deal of standards-setting and quality, notably from their locations in the downstream and midstream sectors. The UK State is designing some downstream and some midstream interventions to ameliorate the public health impacts of current food consumption patterns in England. The UK State has not addressed upstream interventions towards public health diet at the primary food production and processing stages, although traditionally it has shaped agricultural policy. Within the realities of contemporary multilevel governance, the UK State must act within the contexts set by the international regimes of the Common Agricultural Policy and the World Trade Organization agreements, notably on agriculture. The potential for further upstream agricultural policy reform is considered as part of a wider policy approach to address the public health externalities issuing from contemporary food supply chains within this multilevel governance context.

Keywords

The State agricultural policy and public health food governance World Health Organization 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acheson, D. “Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health: Report,” (London: Stationary Office, 1998)Google Scholar
  2. Barling D (2004) Food Agencies as an institutional response to policy failure by the UK, the EU. In: M. Harvey, A. McMeekin, A. Warde (eds.), Qualities of Food, Manchester, Manchester University Press, pp. 107–128Google Scholar
  3. Barling D., T. Lang (2003) A reluctant food policy? The first five years of food policy under Labour. Political Quarterly 74(1):8–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barling D., T. Lang (2005) Trading on health: cross-continental production-consumption tensions and the governance of international food standards. In: N. Fold, B. Pritchard (eds.), Cross-continental agro-food chains, London: Routledge, pp. 39–51Google Scholar
  5. Barling D., T. Lang, M. Caraher (2002) Joined up food policy? The trials of governance, public policy and food systems. Social Policy and Administration 36(6):pp. 556–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barrett H. R., A. W. Browne, B. lbery (2004) From farm to supermarket: the trade in fresh horticultural produce from sub-Saharan Africa to the United Kingdom. In: A. Hughes, S. Reimer (eds.), Geographies of Commodity Chains. London & New York, RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  7. BHF, Total costs of CVD in Europe (Oxford: British Heart Foundation, 2005) http://www.heartstats.org/datapage.asp?id=4545 accessed 19 November 2005
  8. Burnett J. (1989) Plenty, Want A social history of food in England from 1815 to the present, third edition. London: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Caraher M, and J. Coveney (2003) Public health nutrition and food policy. Public Health Nutrition 7(5): 591–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Calder A. (1971) The people’s war.London: Granada, pp. 474–497Google Scholar
  11. CEC, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety, Official Journal of the European Communities, 1 February (2002), pp. L31/1– L31/24Google Scholar
  12. Dalmeny K., E. Hanna, and T. Lobstein (2003) Broadcasting Bad Health. London: International Association of Consumer Food OrganisationsGoogle Scholar
  13. David E. (1979) English Bread and Yeast Cookery. London: PenguinGoogle Scholar
  14. DEFRA (2002) Strategy for Sustainable Food and Farming. London: Department of Environment Food and Rural AffairsGoogle Scholar
  15. DEFRA, Proposed Criteria for inclusion of traditional Orchards within the Single Payment Scheme, (London: Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2004) http://www.defra.gov.uk/farm/capreform/singlepay/orchard/index.htm accessed 14 November 2005Google Scholar
  16. DG SANCO, Summary Report: Roundtable on Obesity 20 July 2004, (Luxembourg: European Commission: Health and Consumer Protectorate Directorate-General, SANCO C4/MR/WK DGoogle Scholar
  17. Department of Health (2004) Choosing health; Making healthy choices easier. London: Department of HealthGoogle Scholar
  18. Department of Health (2005) Choosing a Better Diet: a food and health action plan. London: Department of HealthGoogle Scholar
  19. EU Food Law, FSA adopts nutrient profiling for advertising, EU Food Law, 230, October 21 (2005), pp. 1–3Google Scholar
  20. FSAS , Food Standards Agency Scotland’s Diet and Nutrition Strategy: Our role in implementing the Scottish Diet Action Plan (Edinburgh: Scotland, 2004)Google Scholar
  21. House of Commons Health Select Committee (2004) Obesity. London: The Stationary OfficeGoogle Scholar
  22. House of Commons Health Select Committee, The Government’s Public Health White Paper (Cm 6374). Oral evidence: Taken before the Health Committee on Wednesday 23 February (London: House of Commons, 2005), http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmhealth/358/5022303.htm accessed 19 November 2005Google Scholar
  23. Irz, X., B. Shankar, and C. F. Srinivasan (2003), Dietary Recommendations in the Report of a Joint WHO/FAO expert consultation on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: potential impact on consumption, production, and trade of selected food products. (Reading: Department of Agriculture and Food Economics, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading. 2003)Google Scholar
  24. Lang T., D. Barling, M. Caraher Food (2001) Social Policy and the Environment: Towards a New Model. Social Policy and Administration 35(5): 538–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lawrence, F. (2005), “Food makers lower salt levels after pressure.” The Guardian September 23, p.15Google Scholar
  26. Lock K., J. Pomerleau (2005) Fruit and vegetable policy in the European Union: its effect on the burden of cardiovascular disease. Brussels: European Heart NetworkGoogle Scholar
  27. Marsden T., A. Flynn, M. Harrison (2000) Consuming Interests: The Social Provision of Foods. London: UCL PressGoogle Scholar
  28. Montague D. (2000) Farming Food and Politics: the Merchant’s Tale. Dublin: Irish Wholesale SocietyGoogle Scholar
  29. Morgan D. (1979) Merchants of Grain. London: Weidenfeld & NicholsonGoogle Scholar
  30. National Audit Office, Tackling Obesity in England, Report by the Comptroler and Auditor General, HC 2200 Session 2000–2001, 15 February (2001)Google Scholar
  31. Nielson S. J., and B. M. Popkin (2003) Patterns and Trends in Food Portion Sizes 1977–1998. Journal of the American Medical Association 289(4): 450–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Popkin B. M., and S. J. Nielsen (2003a) The Sweetening of the World’s Diet. Obesity Research 11: 1325–1332Google Scholar
  33. Popkin B. M., and S. J. Nielsen (2003b) The Sweetening of the World’s Diet. Obesity Research 11(11): 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rayner M., and P. Scarborough (2005) The burden of food related ill health in the UK. Journal of Environmental and Community Health 59: 1054–1057Google Scholar
  35. Reardon, T. and C. P. Timmer, “Transformation of Markets for Agricultural Output in Developing Countries Since 1950: How Has Thinking Changed?” In R. E. Evenson, P. Pingali, and T. P. Schultz (eds.), Volume 3 Handbook of Agricultural Economics: Agricultural Development: Farmers, Farm Production and Farm Markets (Amsterdam: Elsevier Press, 2005)Google Scholar
  36. Renting H., T. K. Marsden, and J. R. Banks (2003) Understanding alternative food networks; exploring the role of short food supply chains in rural development Environment and Planning A 35: 393–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schafer Elinder L. (2003) Public health aspects of the EU Common Agricultural Policy. Stockholm: National Institutes of Public HealthGoogle Scholar
  38. Smith M. J. (1990) The Politics of Agricultural Support in Britain. Dartmouth: AldershotGoogle Scholar
  39. Whatmore S., and L. Thorne (1997) “Nourishing networks: alternative geographies of food,” in D. Goodman and M. Watts (eds.), Globalising food, London: Routledge, pp. 287–304Google Scholar
  40. WHO, (2003) WHO & FAO Technical Report 916 - Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Geneva: World Health OrganisationGoogle Scholar
  41. WHO, (2004) Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Geneva: World Health AssemblyGoogle Scholar
  42. WTO, EC comprehensive negotiating proposal, Committee on Agriculture Special Session, World Trade Organization, G/AG/NG/W/90, 14 December (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Food PolicyCity UniversityLondonUK

Personalised recommendations