Advertisement

Journal of Academic Ethics

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 61–69 | Cite as

Academic Integrity in Higher Education: The Case of Plagiarism of Graduation Reports by Undergraduate Seniors in Vietnam

  • Ut T. Tran
  • Thanh Huynh
  • Hoa Thanh T. Nguyen
Article

Abstract

Plagiarism in higher education has become widespread among students in Vietnam. This paper aims to examine the seriousness of the problem by comparing the severity of plagiarism in two universities, one of which uses Turnitin software to check its student reports. For that purpose, 977 samples have been drawn from 1434 required graduation reports written by senior undergraduates in the economics and management field from 2013 to 2015. Turnitin’s “Similarity Index” (SI) was used to check for alleged plagiarism, which was found to be more widespread at the university not using Turnitin. At that university, 91.7% of the graduation reports were defined as plagiarized, while 61.7% of the reports were plagiarized at the university using the software. The main source of this problem was the use of information from the internet without citing the original authors.

Keywords

Academic integrity Plagiarism Higher education Similarity index Turnitin software 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr. Michael J. Barnes for editing our manuscripts as well as Mr. Duong Kim Thanh and Ms. Pham Nhu Binh for helping to collect data.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Adiningrum, T. S., & Kutieleh, S. (2011). How different are we? Understanding and managing plagiarism between east and West. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 5(2), 88–98.Google Scholar
  2. Ameen, E. C., Guffey, D. M., & McMillan, J. J. (1996). Gender differences in determining the ethical sensitivity of future accounting professionals. Journal of Business Ethics, 15(5), 591–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batane, T. (2010). Turning to Turnitin to fight plagiarism among university students. Educational Technology & Society, 13(2), 1–12.Google Scholar
  4. Bennington, A. J., & Singh, H. (2013). Faculty expectations of administration: Predictors of intention to report student plagiarism. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 17(4), 63–76.Google Scholar
  5. Biggam, J. (2008). Succeeding with your master’s dissertation: A step-by-step guide. London: Oen University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bretag, T. (2013). Challenges in addressing plagiarism in education. PLoS Medicine, 10(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001574.
  7. Bretag, T., & Mahmud, S. (2009). A model for determining student plagiarism: Electronic detection and academic judgement. Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, 6(1), 49–60.Google Scholar
  8. Chan, S. (1999). The Chinese learner - a question of style. Education & Training, 41(6), 294–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chapman, K. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2004). Academic dishonesty in a global educational market: A comparison of Hong Kong and American university business students. The International Journal of Educational Management, 18(6), 425–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coughlin, P. E. (2015). Plagiarism in five universities in Mozambique: magnitude, detection techniques, and control measures. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 11(2). doi: 10.1007/s40979-015-0003-5.
  11. Deckert, G. D. (1993). Perspectives on plagiarism from ESL students in Hong Kong. Journal of Second Language Writing, 2(2), 131–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Devlin, M. (2006). Policy, preparation, and prevention: Proactive minimization of student plagiarism. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 28(1), 45–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dias, P. C., & Bastos, A. S. C. (2014). Plagiarism phenomenon in European countries: Results from GENIUS project. Procedia – Social and Behavior Sciences, 116, 2526–2531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ehrich, J., Howard, S. J., Mu, C., & Bokosmaty, S. (2014). A comparison of Chinese and Australian university students' attitudes towards plagiarism. Studies in Higher Education, 1–16. doi: 10.1080/03075079.2014.927850.
  15. Gibelman, M., & Gelman, S. (2003). Plagiarism in academic: Trends and implications. Accountability in Research, 10, 229–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heckler, N. C., Rice, M., & Hobson Bryan, C. (2013). Turnitin systems. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 45(3), 229–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoang, V. Q., Dung, T. T., Napier, N. K., & Ha, D. T. (2013). Business education in the emerging economy of Vietnam: Twenty years of expectations, illusions and lessons. In I. Alon, V. Jones, & J. R. McIntyre (Eds.), Innovation in business education in emerging markets (pp. 96–109). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hofstede, G. (1986). Cultural differences in teaching and learning. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10(3), 301–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ison, D. C. (2012). Plagiarism among dissertations: Prevalence at online institutions. Journal of Academic Ethics, 10(3), 227–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ison, D. C. (2014). Does the online environment promote plagiarism? A comparative study of dissertations from brick-and-mortar versus online institutions. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 10(2), 272–281.Google Scholar
  21. Ison, D. C. (2015). The influence of the internet on plagiarism among doctoral dissertations: An empirical study. Journal of Academic Ethics, 13(2), 151–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jenaa, Y., & Sihotanga, K. (2015). “winning is everything” as the basis of academic misconduct among Indonesian students. Sociology, 5(2), 157–162.Google Scholar
  23. Kimmelman, M. (2011). In Germany, uproar over a doctoral thesis. The New York times. Retrieved March 9, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/15/books/merkels-possible-successor-resigns-in-plagiarism-scandal.html?_r=0
  24. Klein, D. (2011). Why learners choose plagiarism: A review of literature. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-learning and Learning Object, 7, 97–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kupferschmidt, K. (2014). Former German minister drop her fight to reclaim Ph.D. Science Magazine, April 10, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2016, from http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/04/former-german-minister-drops-her-fight-reclaim-phd
  26. Le Ha, P. (2001). How do culturally situated notions of ‘polite’forms influence the way Vietnamese postgraduate students write academic English in Australia? Australian Journal of Education, 45(3), 296–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Le Ha, P. (2006). Plagiarism and overseas students: Stereotypes again? ELT Journal, 59(3), 76–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Martin, D. E. (2012). Culture and unethical conduct: Understanding the impact of individualism and collectivism on actual plagiarism. Management Learning, 43(3), 261–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Martin, D. E., Rao, A., & Sloan, L. R. (2009). Plagiarism, integrity, and workplace deviance: A criterion study. Ethics & Behavior, 19(1), 36–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maxwell, A., Curtis, G. J., & Vardanega, L. (2008). Does culture influence understanding and perceived seriousness of plagiarism? International Journal for Educational Integrity, 4(2), 25–40.Google Scholar
  31. Merriam-Webster. (2014). Merriam-Webster online. Retrieved February 4, 2016 from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarism
  32. Park, C. (2003). In other (people’s) word: Plagiarism by university students – Literature and lessons. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Eduction, 28(5), 471–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ramzan, M., Munir, M. A., Siddique, N., & Asif, M. (2012). Awareness about plagiarism amongst university students in Pakistan. Higher Education, 64(1), 73–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rowell, G. (2009). TurnitinUK: Plagiarism detection software? Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sports and Tourism Education, 8(2), 157–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ryan, G., Bonanno, H., Krass, I., Scouller, K., & Smith, L. (2009). Undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73(6), 1–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Samuels, L. B., & Bast, C. M. (2006). Strategies to help legal studies students avoid plagiarism. Journal of Legal Studies Education, 23(2), 151–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Semmelweis University. (2012). University senate revokes Pál Schmitt’s doctoral (dr.univ.) title. Press release, March, 30, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2016, from http://semmelweis.hu/mediasarok/2012/03/30/university-senate-revokes-pal-schmitt%E2%80%99s-doctoral-dr-univ-title/
  38. Stoltenkamp, J., & Kabaka, M. (2014). Turnitin adoption and application at a HEI: A developmental approach. Creative Education, 5(12), 1043–1052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sutherland, T. E. (2004). Defining and avoiding plagiarism: the council of writing program administrators’ statement on best practices. Accounting Education News, 32(1/2), 5–8.Google Scholar
  40. Sutton, A., Taylor, D., & Johnston, C. (2012). A model for exploring student understandings of plagiarism. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 38(1), 129–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Teesside University. (2013). Interpreting turnitin originality report. Retrieved December 27, 2014, from https://eat.scm.tees.ac.uk/bb8content/resources/recipes/interpretTurnitin.pdf
  42. Teixeira, A. A. C., & Rocha, M. F. (2010). Cheating by economics and business undergraduate students: An exploratory international assessment. Higher Education, 59(6), 663–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. The University of the West Indies. (2010). Guidelines for staff and students on Plagiarsim. Retrieved December 27, 2014, from http://sta.uwi.edu/resources/documents/postgrad/guidelines_staff_students_plagarism.pdf
  44. Thurmond, B. H. (2010). Student plagiarism and the use of a plagiarism detection tool by community college faculty. PhD diss., Indiana State University.Google Scholar
  45. Tuoitrenews. (2015). Vietnam universities push for effort to solve alarming plagiarism issue. Retrieved March 29, 2016, from http://tuoitrenews.vn/education/28426/vietnam-universities-push-for-effort-to-solve-alarming-plagiarism-issue
  46. Turnitin. (2012). Defining plagiarism: The plagiarism spectrum. Retrieved December 17, 2016, from http://www.turnitin.com/assets/en_us/media/plagiarism_spectrum.php?_ga=1.86027739.2101679295.1483526126
  47. Turnitin. (2014). Instructor training: about originality check. Retrieved December 11, 2014, from http://turnitin.com/en_us/training/instructor-training/about-originalitycheck
  48. Twomey, T. (2009). What’s the deal with Turnitin? In T. Twomey, H. White, & K. Sagendorf (Eds.), Pedagogy, not policing: Positive approaches to academic integrity at the university (pp. 149–155). New York: The Graduate School Press of Syracuse University.Google Scholar
  49. Walker, J. (2010). Measuring plagiarism: Researching what students do, not what they say they do. Studies in Higher Education, 35(1), 41–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wang, Y. (2008). University student online plagiarism. International Journal on E-Learning, 7(4), 743–757.Google Scholar
  51. Wilkinson, J. (2009). Staff and student perceptions of plagiarism and cheating. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20(2), 98–105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and ManagementHoa Sen UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsThu Dau Mot UniversityBinh Duong ProvinceVietnam

Personalised recommendations