Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 177–180 | Cite as

Sometimes a Bear is Just a Bear: No Evidence of Nonclinical Adult Toy Animal Ownership Indicating Emotion Dysregulation

  • Stuart Brody
  • Rui Miguel Costa
  • Ursula Hess


Although some studies of clinical populations suggest an association of adult toy animal ownership with personality disorder, studies of nonclinical populations have been lacking. In a nonclinical young adult sample (N = 148), we found no association of toy animal ownership with use of immature, mature, or neurotic defense mechanisms; avoidant or anxious attachment style; trait conscientiousness; heart rate variability (an index of self-regulatory strength); or social desirability responding. The results do not provide evidence for an association of adult nonclinical toy animal ownership with psychological or psychophysiological indices of immaturity, conscientiousness, insecure attachment, or lack of self-regulatory strength.


Toy animals Attachment Conscientiousness Heart rate variability Defense mechanisms 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesUniversity of the West of ScotlandPaisleyUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyHumboldt University BerlinBerlinGermany

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