Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 87–100 | Cite as

Dynamic Factor Analysis of Worldviews/Religious Beliefs and Well-Being among Older Adults

  • Jungmeen Kim
  • John R. Nesselroade
  • Michael E. McCullough


Intraindividual patterns of time-lagged relationships among self-reports of worldviews/religious beliefs, self-concept, and physical and psychological well-being were investigated. Participants were older adults (mean age = 77 years) who were measured weekly covering a total of 25 weeks. Dynamic Factor Models were fitted to multivariate repeated measures data pooled over subsets of participants. The results showed significant time-lagged cross-factor relationships suggesting that worldviews/religious beliefs had a significant direct effect on self-concept and physical health over 2 weeks. For each factor series, there were substantial autoregressive effects indicating persisting effects of factors on themselves over 1 or 2 weeks. A link between worldviews/religious beliefs and physical health was found in the time-lagged structure of within-person variability. The findings underscore the need to study both intraindividual change and interindividual differences in intraindividual variability to obtain a better understanding of behavior and behavioral development.


Intraindividual variability Dynamic factor analysis Worldviews/religious beliefs Well-being 



This research was supported by grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (K01-MH068491) to Jungmeen Kim and support from the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory University to Michael McCullough.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jungmeen Kim
    • 1
  • John R. Nesselroade
    • 2
  • Michael E. McCullough
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychology (MC 0436)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.University of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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