Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 12, Issue 2–3, pp 131–137 | Cite as

Neurofeedback Treatment of Depression and Anxiety

  • D. Corydon HammondEmail author


A robust body of research documents that there are biological predispositions that often exist for depression, anxiety, and obsessive–compulsive disorder. However, new research has shown that medication is only mildly more effective than placebo in the treatment of these problems. In treating these conditions, neurofeedback (EEG biofeedback) may offer an alternative to invasive treatments such as medication, ECT, and intense levels of transcrancial magnetic stimulation. This paper reviews the neurofeedback literature with these problems, finding particularly positive research support for the treatment of anxiety disorders. New findings on the neurofeedback treatment of depression are presented.


Neurofeedback EEG biofeedback QEEG depression anxiety OCD 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake City

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