Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 43–51 | Cite as

Mindfulness and Marital Satisfaction

Article

Abstract

This study investigated the relationships among mindfulness, marital satisfaction, and perceived spousal similarity. All 95 subjects responded to a questionnaire measuring each of these variables, and an additional series of demographic variables. A significant positive relationship was found between mindfulness and marital satisfaction, with no statistically significant relationship found between perceived spousal similarity and marital satisfaction. There was a stronger correlation between mindfulness and marital satisfaction than the correlation between marital satisfaction and any of the other variables, including similarity. These results carry meaningful implications for the role of mindfulness techniques within the context of building and maintaining happy marital relationships and general well-being.

Key Words

mindfulness marital satisfaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bahr, S. J., Chappell, C. B., & Leigh, G. K. (1983). Age at marriage, role enactment, role consensus, and marital satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 1088–1097.Google Scholar
  2. Blum, J. S., & Mehrabian, A. (1999). Personality and temperament correlates of marital satisfaction. Journal of Personality, 67, 93–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bohlander, R. W. (1999). Differentiation of self, need fulfillment, and psychological well-being in married men. Psychological Reports, 84, 1274–1280.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouchard, G., Lussier, Y., & Sabourin, S. (1999). Personality and marital adjustment: Utility of the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 651–660.Google Scholar
  5. Bruch, M. A., & Skovholt, T. (1985). Congruence of Holland personality type and marital satisfaction. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 18, 100–107.Google Scholar
  6. Buss, D. M. (1991). Conflict in married couples: Personality predictors of anger and upset. Journal of Personality, 59, 663–688.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Buunk, B. P., & Mutsaers, W. (1999). Equity perceptions and marital satisfaction in former and current marriage: A study among the remarried. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16, 123–132.Google Scholar
  8. Caspi, A., & Herbener, E. S. (1990). Continuity and change: Assortative marriage and the consistency of personality in adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 250–258.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fields, N. (1983). Satisfaction in long-term marriages. Social Work, 28, 37–41.Google Scholar
  10. Gill, D. S., Christensen, A., & Fincham, F. D. (1999). Predicting marital satisfaction from behavior: Do all roads really lead to Rome? Personal Relationships, 6, 369–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gottman, J. M. (1994). What predicts divorce? The relationship between marital processes and marital outcomes. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Gottman, J. M., & Krokoff, L. J. (1989). Marital interaction and satisfaction: A longitudinal view. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 47–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hjemboe, S., & Butcher, J. N. (1991). Couples in marital distress: A study of personality factors as measured by the MMPI-2. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 216–237.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Holden, J. M. (1991). The most frequent personality priority pairings in marriage and marriage counseling. Individual Psychology, 47, 392–398.Google Scholar
  15. Johnson, D. R., & Booth, A. (1998). Marital quality: A product of the dyadic environment or individual factors? Social Forces, 76, 883–904.Google Scholar
  16. Kaslow, R., & Robinson, J. A. (1996). Long-term satisfying marriages: Perceptions of contributing factors. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 24, 153–170.Google Scholar
  17. Kelly, E. L., & Conley, J. J. (1987). Personality and compatibility: A prospective analysis of marital stability and marital satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 27–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim, A., Martin, D., & Martin M. (1989). Effects of personality on marital satisfaction: Identification of source traits and their role in marital stability. Family Therapy, 16, 243–248.Google Scholar
  19. Kosek, R. B. (1996). The quest for a perfect spouse: Spousal ratings and marital satisfaction. Psychological Reports, 79, 731–735.Google Scholar
  20. Langer, E. J. (1989). Mindfulness. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  21. Langer, E. J. (1997). The Power of mindful learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  22. Langer, E. J. (2001). Personal outlook scale. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  23. Langer, E. J. (2002). Well-being: Mindfulness versus positive evaluation. In C. R. Snyder (Ed.), Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Lester, D., Haig, C., & Monello, R. (1989). Spouses' personality and marital satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 253–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lewak, R. W., Wakefield, J. A., Jr., & Briggs, P. F. (1985). Intelligence and personality in mate choice and marital satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 471–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. MacEwen, K., & Barling, J. (1993). Type a behavior and marital satisfaction: Differential effects of achievement striving and impatience/irritability. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 55, 1001–1010Google Scholar
  27. Mackey, R. A., Diemer, M. A., & O'Brien, B. A. (2000). Conflict-management styles of spouses in lasting marriages. Psychotherapy, 37, 134–148.Google Scholar
  28. Merves-Okin, L., Amidon, E., & Bernt, F. (1991). Perceptions of intimacy in marriage: A study of married couples. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 110–118.Google Scholar
  29. Nemechek, S., & Olson, K. R. (1996). Personality and marital adjustment. Psychological Reports, 78, 26.Google Scholar
  30. Nemechek, S., & Olson, K. R. (1999). Five-factor personality similarity and marital adjustment. Social Behavior and Personality, 27, 309–318.Google Scholar
  31. Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L. L., Levenson, R. W., & Gottman, J. M. (1999). Responsive listening in long-married couples: A psycholinguistic perspective. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 23, 173–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Plechaty, M. (1987). Perceptual congruence of five attitudes among satisfied and unsatisfied couples. Psychological Reports, 61, 527–537.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Richard, L. S., Wakefield, J. A., Jr., & Lewak, R. (1990). Similarity of personality variables as predictors of marital satisfaction: A Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) item analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 39–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sherman, R. G., & Jones, J. H. (1994). Exchange on the Myers-Briggs type indicator: A response to the article on “The validity of the Myers-Briggs type indicator for predicting expressed marital problems.” Family Relations, 43, 94–95.Google Scholar
  35. Winch, R. F., Ktsanes, T., & Ktsanes, V. (1954). The theory of complementary needs in mate selection: An analytic and descriptive study. American Sociological Review, 19, 241–249.Google Scholar
  36. Zimmerman, J. L., & Dickerson, V. C. (1993). Separating couples from restraining patterns and the relationship discourse that supports them. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 19, 403–413.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyHarvard UniversityCambridge

Personalised recommendations