Family Factors and Communicative Skills in Children with Autism Without Intellectual Disability
The primary objective of this study was to identify the profiles of families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID) based on several risk indicators: sociodemographic and emotional indicators, parental stress, confidant social support, and coping strategies. A second aim was to determine the differences in communicative skills between children of family subtypes empirically established according to the aforementioned risk factors. Participants were 52 Spanish mothers and their children with ASD. Through cluster analysis, three subtypes of families were identified, classifying them as “high risk, moderate risk, and little risk”. The “little risk” profile showed significantly less stress and greater use of coping strategies and confidant social support. Furthermore, the children’s communication exhibited better development, compared to children from the other family environments.
KeywordsAutism without intellectual disability Family factors Communicative skills Family subtypes Parental stress Coping Social support
This research was financed by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (PSI2016-78109; AEI/FEDER, UE) and the pre-doctoral grant from the University of Valencia, UV-INV-PREDOC15-265889. This study forms part of a wider investigation that analyses the family context of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which has been addressed in previous publications: the factors involved in the stress experienced by the parents (Miranda et al. 2019) or the impact of the family environment in the social and emotional development of children with ASD (Mira et al. 2019).
IB and AM conceived of the study, directed its design and coordinated collecting data, drafting and revision of the manuscript; CB managed data base and carried out the statistical analyses; BR collaborated in the interpretation of statistical analyses and drafting of methods section of manuscript; AMi participated in the recruitment, and coordination of the study and collected data. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This study was supported by the Spanish project PSI2016-78109 (AEI/FEDER, UE) and the predoctoral fellowship UV-INV-PREDOC15-265889.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee of the University of Valencia and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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