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Trustworthiness and Dominance Personality Traits’ Judgments in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Alice LatimierEmail author
  • Klara Kovarski
  • Hugo Peyre
  • Laura Gabriela Fernandez
  • Doriane Gras
  • Marion Leboyer
  • Tiziana Zalla
Original Paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social functioning, communication, and by the presence of repetitive behaviours and restricted interests. Abnormal processing of faces has also been described as a neuropsychological feature of ASD. We investigated the ability to judge two personality traits in adults with ASD in comparison to typically developed adults (TD). We used an eye tracking device to investigate the exploration of faces when participants judged the degree of trustworthiness and dominance of synthetic faces. In sum, we found that adults with ASD were as capable as TD adults to judge personality traits of face trustworthiness and dominance, which relied on similar exploration of the synthetic faces in the two populations.

Keywords

ASD Personality traits Face processing Eye-tracking 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the commitment of the participants to take part to this study. This study is part of clinical trial C07-33 sponsored by Inserm. It was granted approval by local Ethics Committee or “Comité de Protection des Personnes” on 2008 November 14th, authorized by the French authorities (ANSM B80738-70 on 2008 August 11th), and registered in a public trials registry (NCT02628808). This work has been co-ordinated by Fondation FondaMental and achieved thanks to the following organisms and establishments: AP-HP, CHU Bordeaux, Hôpital Charles Perrens, Robert Debré et Henri Mondor’s CIC. It was financially supported in part by the Institut Roche, in part by the Investissements d’Avenir program managed by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) under reference ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02. Further support came from ANR (Contracts ANR-09-BLAN-0327 SOCODEV, ANR-10-LABX-0087 IEC and ANR-10-IDEX-0001-02 PSL).

Author Contribution

TZ and DG developed the study concept and design in collaboration with ML. The experimental conditions were programmed by DG. Testing and data collection were performed by LGF and AL. Data analyses and interpretations were performed by AL, KK, and HP. AL drafted the manuscript, the other authors provided critical revisions and improvements. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript for submission.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10803_2019_4163_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Jean Nicod, ENS, EHESS, CNRSPSL UniversityParisFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, ENS, EHESS, CNRSPSL UniversityParisFrance
  3. 3.Fondation Ophtalmologique A. de RothschildParisFrance
  4. 4.CNRS (Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition Center, UMR 8002)ParisFrance
  5. 5.Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris CitéParisFrance
  6. 6.Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMRS 1141ParisFrance
  7. 7.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DepartmentAssistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Robert Debré HospitalParisFrance
  8. 8.Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle, UMR 7110, CNRS, Comue USPCParisFrance
  9. 9.Fondation FondaMental, French National Science FoundationCréteilFrance
  10. 10.AP-HP, DHU PePSy, Department of PsychiatryHenri Mondor University Hospital, Inserm U 955CréteilFrance

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