Rates of Co-occurring Psychiatric Disorders in Autism Spectrum Disorder Using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often meet criteria for at least one additional psychiatric disorder. The present study evaluated the utility of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) in assessing co-occurring psychiatric disorders in children, adolescents, and young adults with ASD. Ninety-one percent of children/adolescents and thirty-one percent of young adults were diagnosed with one or more co-occurring diagnoses using the MINI. MINI diagnostic rates were comparable to those found in the literature on children/adolescents with ASD; however, in young adults, MINI diagnostic rates were lower relative to rates found in the literature on young adults with ASD. Implications for treatment, transitioning to adulthood, and the need for instruments developed specifically to diagnose co-occurring disorders in ASD are discussed.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Assessment Co-occurring Comorbidity
This research was funded by National Institutes of Health grants (Grant Numbers MH081285 and HD079124), and UNC-Chapel Hill (the Diller-Gilligan Summer Research Fellowship). In addition, this work was funded by National Institute of Mental Health (Grant Number R00MH102355 and R01MH108605). Recruitment was supported by the Clinical Translational Core of the UNC Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center (IDDRC; U54 HD079124; PI: Piven).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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