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The Impact of Atypical Sensory Processing on Adaptive Functioning and Maladaptive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder During Childhood: Results From the ELENA Cohort

  • Florine Dellapiazza
  • Cécile Michelon
  • Marie-Joelle Oreve
  • Laurence Robel
  • Marie Schoenberger
  • Clarisse Chatel
  • Stéphanie Vesperini
  • Thierry Maffre
  • Richard Schmidt
  • Nathalie Blanc
  • Christelle Vernhet
  • Marie-Christine Picot
  • Amaria BaghdadliEmail author
  • ELENA study group
OriginalPaper

Abstract

Atypical sensory processing is common in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but their role in adaptive difficulties and problem behaviors is poorly understood. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and type of atypical sensory processing in children with ASD and investigate its impact on their adaptive functioning and maladaptive behaviors. We studied a subsample of 197 children rigorously diagnosed with ASD from the ELENA cohort. Children were divided into atypical and typical sensory processing groups and several independent variables were compared, including adaptive functioning and maladaptive behaviors. Overall, 86.8% of the children had at least one atypical sensory pattern and all sensory modalities were disturbed. Atypical sensory processing explained a significant part of the variance of behavioral problems.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Sensory processing Adaptive functioning Maladaptive behaviors Children 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the participating families, and our talented staff (Myriam Soussana, Julie Loubersac, Ela Miniarikova, Flore Couty and Lee Audras-Torrent). We express gratitude to the CNSA and DGOS, for funding to conduct this research and prepare the results for publication.

Author Contributions

FD conceived of the study, contributed in collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data and drafted the manuscript; AB is the PI of ELENA cohort, she also participated in the design of the current study, drafted the work and revised it critically for main intellectual content; CV participated in the design of the study and contributed to revised it critically. CM and M-CP analyzed and interpreted data; RS and NB revised critically the final manuscript. M-JO, LR, MC, CC, SV and TM contributed to collect data in ELENA cohort used in this sample. All authors read and approved the final version to be published.

Funding

This research received support from the French Health Ministry (DGOS, Grant No. 13-0232) and Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l’Autonomie (CNSA). Additional support was provided by the CHU of Montpellier (AOI). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical Approval

The study and informed consent procedure have been approved by the Ethics Committee on the Research of Human Subjects at Marseille Mediterranean (CNIL. number DR-2015-393).

Informed Consent

Signed informed consent is obtained from all participating families included in the ELENA cohort.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florine Dellapiazza
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Cécile Michelon
    • 1
  • Marie-Joelle Oreve
    • 4
  • Laurence Robel
    • 5
  • Marie Schoenberger
    • 6
  • Clarisse Chatel
    • 7
  • Stéphanie Vesperini
    • 8
  • Thierry Maffre
    • 9
    • 10
  • Richard Schmidt
    • 11
  • Nathalie Blanc
    • 3
  • Christelle Vernhet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marie-Christine Picot
    • 12
  • Amaria Baghdadli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 13
    Email author
  • ELENA study group
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Autism Resources CenterUniversity Research and Hospital Center (CHU) of MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Santé des Populations, U1178, INSERMParisFrance
  3. 3.Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Univ. MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre Hospitalier de VersaillesUniversité de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-YvelinesLe ChesnayFrance
  5. 5.Service de PédopsychiatrieHôpital Necker Enfants Malades, AP-HP, Paris VParisFrance
  6. 6.Autism Resources CenterCHU NancyNancyFrance
  7. 7.Autism Resources CenterAPHM MarseilleMarseilleFrance
  8. 8.Autism Resources Centre, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DepartmentUniversity Hospital CHU-LenvalNiceFrance
  9. 9.Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l’Enfant et de l’AdolescentCHU de Toulouse, Hôpital La GraveToulouseFrance
  10. 10.Centre de Ressources Autisme Midi-PyrénéesHôpital La GraveToulouseFrance
  11. 11.Department of PsychologyCollege of the Holy CrossWorcesterUSA
  12. 12.Department of Medical InformationUniversity HospitalMontpellierFrance
  13. 13.School of MedicineMontpellier UniversityMontpellierFrance

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