The Impact of Atypical Sensory Processing on Adaptive Functioning and Maladaptive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder During Childhood: Results From the ELENA Cohort
Atypical sensory processing is common in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but their role in adaptive difficulties and problem behaviors is poorly understood. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and type of atypical sensory processing in children with ASD and investigate its impact on their adaptive functioning and maladaptive behaviors. We studied a subsample of 197 children rigorously diagnosed with ASD from the ELENA cohort. Children were divided into atypical and typical sensory processing groups and several independent variables were compared, including adaptive functioning and maladaptive behaviors. Overall, 86.8% of the children had at least one atypical sensory pattern and all sensory modalities were disturbed. Atypical sensory processing explained a significant part of the variance of behavioral problems.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorders Sensory processing Adaptive functioning Maladaptive behaviors Children
We thank the participating families, and our talented staff (Myriam Soussana, Julie Loubersac, Ela Miniarikova, Flore Couty and Lee Audras-Torrent). We express gratitude to the CNSA and DGOS, for funding to conduct this research and prepare the results for publication.
FD conceived of the study, contributed in collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data and drafted the manuscript; AB is the PI of ELENA cohort, she also participated in the design of the current study, drafted the work and revised it critically for main intellectual content; CV participated in the design of the study and contributed to revised it critically. CM and M-CP analyzed and interpreted data; RS and NB revised critically the final manuscript. M-JO, LR, MC, CC, SV and TM contributed to collect data in ELENA cohort used in this sample. All authors read and approved the final version to be published.
This research received support from the French Health Ministry (DGOS, Grant No. 13-0232) and Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l’Autonomie (CNSA). Additional support was provided by the CHU of Montpellier (AOI). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The study and informed consent procedure have been approved by the Ethics Committee on the Research of Human Subjects at Marseille Mediterranean (CNIL. number DR-2015-393).
Signed informed consent is obtained from all participating families included in the ELENA cohort.
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