Success Factors Enabling Employment for Adults on the Autism Spectrum from Employers’ Perspective
Employment outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are poor and there is limited understanding on how best to support individuals with ASD in the workplace. Stakeholders involved in the employment of adults with ASD, including employers and employment service providers have unique insights into the factors influencing employment for this population. Organisational and individual factors facilitating successful employment for adults with ASD across Australia and Sweden were explored, including the supports and strategies underpinning employment success from an employers’ perspective. Three themes including Knowledge and Understanding of ASD, Work Environment and Job Match emerged, suggesting that a holistic approach was key to supporting success, with employer knowledge and understanding of ASD underpinning their ability to facilitate employment.
KeywordsAutism Competitive employment Employment outcomes Vocational support
The authors would like to acknowledge the participants who took part in this research.
CT, SG and MF conceptualised the study. JD undertook data collection and data analysis. JD drafted the manuscript with CT, SG, MA, MB and MF. All authors contributed to the interpretation of results, reviewed the manuscript critically and approved the final version.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
This study complied with the Helsinki Declaration (World Medical Association 2008) and ethical approval was obtained by the Curtin University Human Research Ethics Committee (HR 16/2014), Perth Western Australia. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants and all names have been changed for confidentiality reasons.
Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study. Participants were provided with information outlining the aims and procedures of the study prior to providing written informed consent to participate and informed of their ability to withdraw from the study at any point without the provision of justification or prejudice.
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