College Students’ Evaluations and Reasoning About Exclusion of Students with Autism and Learning Disability: Context and Goals may Matter More than Contact
This study used mixed-effects logistic regression to examine undergraduates’ (N = 142) evaluations and reasoning about scenarios involving disability-based exclusion. Scenarios varied by disability [autism spectrum disorder (ASD) versus learning disability (LD)], the context of exclusion (classroom versus social), and whether or not a grade was at stake. Participants were more likely to determine exclusion was acceptable if the excluded student had an ASD diagnosis, there was a grade at stake, and it occurred in a classroom. Exclusion was less likely to be considered acceptable in the “no grade” compared to the “grade” conditions for LD students, but remained high in both conditions for autistic students. This study also describes contextual variations in participants’ justifications for their evaluations.
KeywordsMoral reasoning Disability Exclusion Autism spectrum disorder Learning disability Social domain theory
We would like to thank Shannon Crowley, Josephine Cuda, Declan Foley, Jessica Barnes, Ashley Antwi, and Alexandra Sullivan for their assistance in conducting this research. We would also like to thank the many participants who agreed to be interviewed.
KBB participated in the study design, supervised data collection and statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript. SYK coordinated recruitment and data collection, conducted participant interviews, and participated in drafting and editing the manuscript. DM participated in the study design and statistical analysis, and edited the manuscript.
This study was funded by the Argyelan Family Foundation Fund administered by the Lynch School of Education, Boston College, and the Buehler Sesquicentennial Fund of Boston College. We would like to thank Shannon Crowley, Josephine Cuda, Declan Foley, Jessica Barnes, Ashley Antwi, and Alexandra Sullivan for their assistance in conducting this research. We would also like to thank the many participants who agreed to be interviewed.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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