Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 468–480 | Cite as

Psychometric Properties of the Autism Spectrum Quotient: Children’s Version (AQ-Child)

  • Rapson Gomez
  • Vasileios StavropoulosEmail author
  • Alasdair Vance
Original Paper


Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory and factor analysis (EFA) aimed to determine the optimum Autism Spectrum Quotient—Children (AQ-Child) model. Initial CFA of parent ratings of the AQ-Child for 404 clinic-referred children with ADHD, aged between 4 and 11 years, revealed mixed/moderate support for the implied AQ-Child five-factor model and the past statistically supported four-factor model (Auyeung et al., J Autism Dev Disord 38:1230–1240, 2008). Interestingly, EFA findings indicated most support for a four-factor model, with factors reflecting “mind-reading”, “social skills”, “attention to details”, and “imagination”. The items loading in these factors were different from those proposed originally for similar factors (Auyeung et al., J Autism Dev Disord 38:1230–1240, 2008). The factors in the model showed acceptable internal consistency-reliability and discriminant validity. Clinical and research implications are discussed.


Autism Spectrum Quotient–Children’s Version Factor analysis Factor structure Four-factor model 



No source of funding has been used for the present study. It is acknowledged that the present study investigates the psychometric properties of the Autism Quotient children version using archival data of 404 children with ADHD examined at the Academic Child Psychiatry Unit (ACPU) of the Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. In that context, we are grateful to the employees of the unit that contributed to the data collection.

Author Contributions

RG contributed to the literature review, hypotheses formulation, data collection and analyses, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments. VS contributed to the literature review, hypotheses formulation, data collection and analyses, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments. AV contributed to the data collection and analyses.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of the present study do not report any conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10803_2018_3713_MOESM1_ESM.docx (166 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 166 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rapson Gomez
    • 1
  • Vasileios Stavropoulos
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Alasdair Vance
    • 3
  1. 1.School of PsychologyThe Cairnmillar InstituteCamberwell, MelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, National and KapodistrianUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.The Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne & The University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.MelbourneAustralia

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