Advertisement

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 385–390 | Cite as

Brief Report: Cross-Modal Capture: Preliminary Evidence of Inefficient Filtering in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Brandon KeehnEmail author
  • Marissa Westerfield
  • Jeanne Townsend
Brief Report
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to only visual or both audio-visual sensory channels. Preliminary results showed that when required to attend to both modalities, both groups were equally slowed for semantically-incongruent compared to congruent pairs. However, when asked to attend to only visual information, children with ASD were disproportionally slowed by incongruent auditory information, suggesting that they may have more difficulty filtering task-irrelevant cross-modal information. Correlational analyses showed that this inefficient cross-modal attentional filtering was related to greater sociocommunicative impairment.

Keywords

Autism Attention Cross-modal Filter Distractor inhibition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by R01-NS42639 (JT). Special thanks to the children and families who generously participated.

Author Contributions

All authors made substantial contributions to the conception and design of the study. BK acquired the data, performed the statistical analyses, and drafted the manuscript. JT helped interpret the data and revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors report no biomedical financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed assent and consent were obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Adams, N. C., & Jarrold, C. (2012). Inhibition in autism: Children with autism have difficulty inhibiting irrelevant distractors but not prepotent responses. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(6), 1052–1063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beker, S., Foxe, J. J., & Molholm, S. (2018). Ripe for solution: Delayed development of multisensory processing in autism and its remediation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 84, 182–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Belmonte, M. K. (2017). Obligatory processing of task-irrelevant stimuli: A hallmark of autistic cognitive style within and beyond the diagnosis. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2(6), 461–463.Google Scholar
  4. Burack, J. A. (1994). Selective attention deficits in persons with autism: Preliminary evidence of an inefficient attentional lens. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(3), 535–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ciesielski, K. T., Courchesne, E., & Elmasian, R. (1990). Effects of focused selective attention tasks on event-related potentials in autistic and normal individuals. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 75(3), 207–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eriksen, B. A., & Eriksen, C. W. (1974). Effects of noise letter upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task. Perception and Psychophysics, 16, 143–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Faja, S., Clarkson, T., & Webb, S. J. (2016). Neural and behavioral suppression of interfering flankers by children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 93(Pt A), 251–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hill, E. L. (2004). Evaluating the theory of executive dysfunction in autism. Developmental Review, 24, 189–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Keehn, B., Nair, A., Lincoln, A. J., Townsend, J., & Muller, R. A. (2016). Under-reactive but easily distracted: An fMRI investigation of attentional capture in autism spectrum disorder. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 46–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Larson, M. J., South, M., Clayson, P. E., & Clawson, A. (2012). Cognitive control and conflict adaptation in youth with high-functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(4), 440–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic obervation schedule—WPS (ADOS-WPS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  12. McCleery, J. P., Ceponiene, R., Burner, K. M., Townsend, J., Kinnear, M., & Schreibman, L. (2010). Neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic integration in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(3), 277–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Murphy, J. W., Foxe, J. J., Peters, J. B., & Molholm, S. (2014). Susceptibility to distraction in autism spectrum disorder: Probing the integrity of oscillatory alpha-band suppression mechanisms. Autism Research, 7(4), 442–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Remington, A., Swettenham, J., Campbell, R., & Coleman, M. (2009). Selective attention and perceptual load in autism spectrum disorder. Psychological Science, 20, 1388–1393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview—revised. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  16. Teder-Salejarvi, W. A., Pierce, K. L., Courchesne, E., & Hillyard, S. A. (2005). Auditory spatial localization and attention deficits in autistic adults. Cognitive Brain Research, 23(2–3), 221–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tillmann, J., Olguin, A., Tuomainen, J., & Swettenham, J. (2015). The effect of visual perceptual load on auditory awareness in autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(10), 3297–3307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tillmann, J., & Swettenham, J. (2017). Visual perceptual load reduces auditory detection in typically developing individuals but not in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychology, 31(2), 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Toichi, M., & Kamio, Y. (2001). Verbal association for simple common words in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(5), 483–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler’s abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Research on Autism and Development Lab, Department of NeurosciencesUniversity of California, San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations