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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 397–403 | Cite as

Brief Report: Differences in Multisensory Integration Covary with Sensory Responsiveness in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Jacob I. Feldman
  • Wayne Kuang
  • Julie G. Conrad
  • Alexander Tu
  • Pooja Santapuram
  • David M. Simon
  • Jennifer H. Foss-Feig
  • Leslie D. Kwakye
  • Ryan A. Stevenson
  • Mark T. Wallace
  • Tiffany G. Woynaroski
Brief Report

Abstract

Research shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ in their behavioral patterns of responding to sensory stimuli (i.e., sensory responsiveness) and in various other aspects of sensory functioning relative to typical peers. This study explored relations between measures of sensory responsiveness and multisensory speech perception and integration in children with and without ASD. Participants were 8–17 year old children, 18 with ASD and 18 matched typically developing controls. Participants completed a psychophysical speech perception task, and parents reported on children’s sensory responsiveness. Psychophysical measures (e.g., audiovisual accuracy, temporal binding window) were associated with patterns of sensory responsiveness (e.g., hyporesponsiveness, sensory seeking). Results indicate that differences in multisensory speech perception and integration covary with atypical patterns of sensory responsiveness.

Keywords

Autism Sensory Audiovisual Multisensory integration Temporal binding Speech perception 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NIH U54 HD083211 (PI: Dykens), the Wallace Foundation, the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, a Marino Autism Research Institute Discovery Grant (PI: Mark T. Wallace), a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development T32 HD07226 and Dennis Weatherstone Pre-doctoral Fellowship for Jennifer H. Foss-Feig, a Meharry-Vanderbilt Alliance Training Grant for Leslie D. Kwakye, and by CTSA award No. KL2TR000446 for Tiffany G. Woynaroski from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. Ryan A. Stevenson is funded by a Canadian Natural Science and Engineering Research Counsel Discovery Grant (RGPIN-2017-04656), a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Counsel Insight Grant (435-2017-0936), and the University of Western Ontario Faculty Development Research Fund. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.

Authors Contribution

TGW, MTW, JHF, and LDK posed the research questions and collected the original data. TGW, JIF, WK, AT, JGC, and PS scored, entered, and organized the data. TGW, JIF, WK, DMS, RAS, and MTW analyzed the data, interpreted the results, and drafted the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacob I. Feldman
    • 1
  • Wayne Kuang
    • 2
  • Julie G. Conrad
    • 2
  • Alexander Tu
    • 2
  • Pooja Santapuram
    • 2
  • David M. Simon
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jennifer H. Foss-Feig
    • 5
  • Leslie D. Kwakye
    • 6
  • Ryan A. Stevenson
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  • Mark T. Wallace
    • 4
    • 12
    • 13
    • 14
    • 15
    • 16
  • Tiffany G. Woynaroski
    • 4
    • 12
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of Hearing and Speech SciencesVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Neuroscience Undergraduate Program, Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Neuroscience Graduate ProgramVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  4. 4.Vanderbilt Brain InstituteVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatrySeaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Department of NeuroscienceOberlin CollegeOberlinUSA
  7. 7.Department of PsychologyThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  8. 8.Brain and Mind InstituteThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  9. 9.Department of Psychiatry, The Schulich School of Medicine and DentistryThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  10. 10.Program in Neuroscience, The Schulich School of Medicine and DentistryThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  11. 11.York University Centre for Vision ResearchYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  12. 12.Department of Hearing and Speech SciencesVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  13. 13.Vanderbilt Kennedy CenterVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  14. 14.Department of PsychologyVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  15. 15.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  16. 16.Department of PharmacologyVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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