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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 11, pp 3899–3911 | Cite as

Enhanced Sensitivity to Angry Voices in People with Features of the Broader Autism Phenotype

  • Valerie M. Z. Yap
  • Neil M. McLachlan
  • Ingrid E. Scheffer
  • Sarah J. Wilson
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study examined whether the ability to recognize vocal emotional expressions is negatively related to features of the Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP) in the general population. We assessed 61 typically developing adults on a BAP self-report measure (Broader Autism Phenotype Questionnaire) and a purpose-developed online emotion recognition task for efficient delivery of non-linguistic vocal stimuli corresponding to the six basic emotions. Contrary to expectations, we found that higher self-ratings of rigid BAP traits correlated with better recognition accuracy and higher intensity ratings for angry voices. We interpret this anger-specific association as an advantage for enhanced threat detection in the BAP and discuss this finding in the broader context of personality research and interpersonal theory.

Keywords

Broader Autism Phenotype Emotion recognition Vocal affect bursts Anger Threat sensitivity Rigidity 

Notes

Author Contributions

All authors made substantial contributions to the study design, interpretation of results and writing of this manuscript. VMZY collected and analyzed the data.

Funding

This research was supported in part by Award Number W81XWH-12-1-0490 from the United States Department of Defence (DoD) office of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10803_2018_3641_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (73 kb)
Online Resource 1 (PDF 72 KB)
10803_2018_3641_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (136 kb)
Online Resource 2 (PDF 136 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerie M. Z. Yap
    • 1
  • Neil M. McLachlan
    • 1
  • Ingrid E. Scheffer
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sarah J. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Melbourne School of Psychological SciencesThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Departments of Medicine and PaediatricsThe University of Melbourne, Austin HealthHeidelbergAustralia
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyThe Royal Children’s HospitalParkvilleAustralia

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