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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 4731–4739 | Cite as

Effect of Visual Information on Postural Control in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Yi Huey LimEmail author
  • Hoe C. Lee
  • Torbjörn Falkmer
  • Garry T. Allison
  • Tele Tan
  • Wee Lih Lee
  • Susan L. MorrisEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Sensory processing difficulties affect the development of sensorimotor skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the effect of sensory information on postural control is unclear in the ASD adult population. The present study examined the effect of visual information on postural control as well as the attentional demands associated with postural control in fourteen adults with ASD and seventeen typically developed adults. The results showed that postural sway and attention demands of postural control were larger in adults with ASD than in typically developed adults. These findings indicate that visual processing used for postural control may be different in adults with ASD. Further research in visual field processing and visual motion processing may elucidate these sensorimotor differences.

Keywords

Autistic disorder Sensory information Visual processing Attention Postural balance Sensorimotor 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of the Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship and Curtin University Hub for Immersive Visualisation and eResearch in supporting this research. The authors would also like to thank all participants and their families who took part in this study. We gratefully acknowledge the considerable assistance and technical guides of Dr Richard Parsons, Dr Kwang Leng Goh, Dr Jean-Pierre Guillon, Dr Andrew Woods, Paul Davey, Jesse Helliwell, and Joshua Hollick. This study was done in preparation for a Doctor of Philosophy dissertation.

Author Contributions

YHL conceived of the study, participated in its design, performed the measurements, statistical analysis, interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript. HL, TF, GA, TT, WLL, and SM participated in the design of the study, interpretation of the data, and drafting of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding

This study received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and EngineeringCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  4. 4.Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, and Department of Medical and Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

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