The Relationship Between Social Affect and Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors Measured on the ADOS-2 and Maternal Stress
This study investigated categories of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Second Edition and their association with maternal stress. Social affect and restricted and repetitive behaviors were compared with levels of maternal stress, measured by the Parenting Stress Index, in 102 children with ASD ages 2–12 years of age. Results indicated that social affect and restricted and repetitive behaviors were associated with the mother’s stress regarding acceptability of the child’s condition. Additionally, restricted and repetitive behaviors were significantly related to stress involving the child’s hyperactivity and impulsivity. These findings highlight specific areas of stress experienced by mothers of children with ASD that are related to the child’s symptoms, providing information for caregiver support and intervention.
KeywordsAutism spectrum disorder Parent stress Parenting Stress Index Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Second Edition Social affect Restricted and repetitive behaviors
We are very grateful to the families who have participated in research at our center. We would also like to thank all of the clinical staff involved in supporting this study including Kelly Barnhill and Anissa Ryland, and all of the administrative staff and interns, past and present, from The Johnson Center who were involved. A special thanks to our intern MacKenzie Wicker for helping with data entry. This research was funded by the Johnson family, the Robert Wood Johnson Charitable Trust, and the Jane Botsford Johnson Foundation. The Austin Multi-Institutional Review Board approved this study.
CS conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, and drafted the manuscript; WR was involved in coordination and acquisition of data; MD was involved in coordination and acquisition of data; JH was involved in coordination and acquisition of data; MG was involved in statistical analyses and interpretation of the data, and helped draft the manuscript; LH was involved in the study design and coordination, interpretation of the data, and drafting of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The Austin Multi-Institutional Review Board (AMIRB) approved the research protocol. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed Consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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