Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 1673–1683 | Cite as

School Age Outcomes of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Received Community-Based Early Interventions

  • Zoe Vinen
  • Megan Clark
  • Jessica Paynter
  • Cheryl DissanayakeEmail author
Original Paper


This study followed children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from early intervention into their early schooling years, when they were aged between 6 and 9 years, on autism symptom severity and cognitive functioning. The children, matched at pre-intervention, were compared on type of community provided service: 31 were in receipt of community-based group Early Start Denver Model and 28 had received other community provisions for ASD. Irrespective of groups, cognitive functioning was found to have significantly improved by school age compared to pre-intervention. Autism symptom severity increased during the same developmental period, seemingly driven by an increase in restricted and repetitive behaviours over time. In contrast, both groups displayed improved social affect by school age.


Autism spectrum disorder Early Start Denver Model Community Early intervention Long-term School age 



We thank Dr Giacomo Vivanti, the team at the Victorian Autism Specific Early Learning and Care Centre (ASELCC), Victoria, Australia, and the AEIOU Foundation (AEIOU), Queensland, Australia, for their contribution.

Author Contributions

All authors made a considerable contribution to the conception, design, drafting, and revising of the paper prior to publication. Authors have been listed in order of their contribution.

Supplementary Materials

Research materials related to the paper may be accessed by contacting the corresponding author.


This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoe Vinen
    • 1
  • Megan Clark
    • 1
  • Jessica Paynter
    • 2
  • Cheryl Dissanayake
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Olga Tennison Autism Research CentreLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Griffith UniversityNathanAustralia

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