Early Gesture and Vocabulary Development in Infant Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Jana M. Iverson
  • Jessie B. Northrup
  • Nina B. Leezenbaum
  • Meaghan V. Parladé
  • Erin A. Koterba
  • Kelsey L. West
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examined longitudinal growth in gestures and words in infants at heightened (HR) versus low risk (LR) for ASD. The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory was administered monthly from 8 to 14 months and at 18 and 24 months to caregivers of 14 HR infants diagnosed with ASD (HR-ASD), 27 HR infants with language delay (HR-LD), 51 HR infants with no diagnosis (HR-ND), and 28 LR infants. Few differences were obtained between LR and HR-ND infants, but HR-LD and HR-ASD groups differed in initial skill levels and growth patterns. While HR-LD infants grew at rates comparable to LR and HR-ND infants, growth was attenuated in the HR-ASD group, with trajectories progressively diverging from all other groups.

Keywords

Infant siblings Autism spectrum disorder Gesture Vocabulary development 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.TEACCH Autism ProgramUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Center for Autism and Related DisabilitiesUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences, Mathematics, and EducationUniversity of TampaTampaUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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