Does Quality of Life Differ for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability Compared to Peers Without Autism?
The main goal was to test if children with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show lower quality of life (QOL) in comparison to those with only ID. The KidsLife Scale was applied to 1060 children with ID, 25% of whom also had ASD, aged 4–21 years old. Those with ASD showed lower scores in several QOL domains but, when the effect of other variables was controlled, lower scores were only kept for interpersonal relationships, social inclusion, and physical wellbeing. Slightly higher scores were found for material wellbeing. ASD, Level of ID and support needs were the covariables with the greatest influence in most domains, while gender was only significant for social inclusion (girls scored lower than boys).
KeywordsQuality of life Autism spectrum disorder Intellectual disability Support needs Gender Children
The authors would like to thank all those organizations, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, professionals, and families their involvement and participation in this research.
This work is part of doctoral dissertation submitted to the University of Oviedo (Spain) by the third author (BP16007) and has been funded by the Ministry of Economic and Competitiveness of Spain (PSI2012-33139).
VBA, LEGS, MLM and MAA conceived of the study and participated in its design. LEGS coordinated the manuscript. LEGS conceived the design and coordinated the study; VBA, LEGS, MLM, and MAA conceived of the study; VBA performed the statistical analysis. All authors performed the measurement, participated in the interpretation of the data, and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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