Driving Behaviour Profile of Drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
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The symptomatology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can make driving risky, but little is known about the on-road driving behaviour of individuals with ASD. This study assessed and compared the on-road driving performance of drivers with and without ASD, and explored how the symptomatology of ASD hinders or facilitates on-road driving performance. Sixteen drivers with ASD and 21 typically-developed drivers participated in the study. Drivers with ASD underperformed in vehicle manoeuvring, especially at left-turns, right-turns and pedestrian crossings. However, drivers with ASD outperformed the TD group in aspects related to rule-following such as using the indicator at roundabouts and checking for cross-traffic when approaching intersections. Drivers with ASD in the current study presented with a range of capabilities and weaknesses during driving.
KeywordsAsperger’s syndrome High-functioning autism Michon model Naturalistic P-Drive
The authors would like to thank all participants who were involved in this research and Dr Richard Parsons for his guidance with statistical analysis.
DYC conceived of the study, participated in its design, performed the measurements, statistical analysis, interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript; HCL and TF participated in the design, coordination of the study, data analysis, interpretation of the data and drafting of the manuscript; AHP participated in the design, interpretaton of the data and drafting of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone were responsible for the content and writing of this article. This research is supported by Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
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