Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 768–784 | Cite as

The Longitudinal Effects of Parenting on Adaptive Behavior in Children with Fragile X Syndrome

  • Steven F. Warren
  • Nancy Brady
  • Kandace K. Fleming
  • Laura J. Hahn
Original Paper

Abstract

Several studies have reported declines in adaptive behavior amongst children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) starting in middle childhood. We examined the effects of maternal responsivity on adaptive behavior in 55 children with FXS visited 5–6 times in their homes from early through middle childhood. Our analyses indicated that sustained maternal responsivity had a significant positive impact on the trajectories of communication and to a lesser extent other adaptive behavior domains through middle childhood with many effects remaining significant after controlling for autism symptoms and developmental level. For children who showed declines in adaptive behavior during middle childhood, sustained high levels of maternal responsivity minimized the amount of decline observed in the communication, socialization, and daily living domains.

Keywords

Fragile X syndrome Maternal responsivity Adaptive behavior 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dole Human Development Center, Department of Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences and Disorders, The Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span StudiesThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Department of Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences and Disorders, The Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span StudiesThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  3. 3.Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Spans StudiesThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  4. 4.Department of Speech and Hearing ScienceUniversity of IllinoisChampaignUSA

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