Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 172–186

Predictors of Parent Responsiveness to 1-Year-Olds At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Jessica L. Kinard
  • John Sideris
  • Linda R. Watson
  • Grace T. Baranek
  • Elizabeth R. Crais
  • Linn Wakeford
  • Lauren Turner-Brown
Original Paper

Abstract

Parent responsiveness is critical for child development of cognition, social-communication, and self-regulation. Parents tend to respond more frequently when children at-risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate stronger social-communication; however, it is unclear how responsiveness is associated with sensory characteristics of children at-risk for ASD. To address this issue, we examined the extent to which child social-communication and sensory reactivity patterns (i.e., hyper- and hypo-reactivity) predicted parent responsiveness to 1-year-olds at-risk for ASD in a community sample of 97 parent-infant pairs. A combination of child social-communication and sensory hypo-reactivity consistently predicted how parents played and talked with their 1-year-old at-risk for ASD. Parents tended to talk less and use more play actions when infants communicated less and demonstrated stronger hypo-reactivity.

Keywords

Infants at-risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Sensory reactivity patterns Social-communication Parent responsiveness 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carolina Institute for Developmental DisabilitiesThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Frank Porter Graham Child Development InstituteThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Program for Early Autism Research, Leadership, and ServiceThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Department of Allied Health SciencesThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and UNC TEACCH Autism ProgramThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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