Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 46, Issue 11, pp 3607–3614 | Cite as

Brief Report: Prevalence of Self-injurious Behaviors among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Population-Based Study

  • Gnakub N. Soke
  • Steven A. Rosenberg
  • Richard F. Hamman
  • Tasha Fingerlin
  • Cordelia Robinson
  • Laura Carpenter
  • Ellen Giarelli
  • Li-Ching Lee
  • Lisa D. Wiggins
  • Maureen S. Durkin
  • Carolyn DiGuiseppi
Brief Report

Abstract

Self-injurious behaviors (SIB) have been reported in more than 30 % of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in clinic-based studies. This study estimated the prevalence of SIB in a large population-based sample of children with ASD in the United States. A total of 8065 children who met the surveillance case definition for ASD in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network during the 2000, 2006, and 2008 surveillance years were included. The presence of SIB was reported from available health and/or educational records by an expert clinician in ADDM Network. SIB prevalence averaged 27.7 % across all sites and surveillance years, with some variation between sites. Clinicians should inquire about SIB during assessments of children with ASD.

Keywords

Self-injurious behaviors Autism Autism spectrum disorder Prevalence Challenging behaviors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gnakub N. Soke
    • 1
  • Steven A. Rosenberg
    • 2
  • Richard F. Hamman
    • 1
  • Tasha Fingerlin
    • 1
  • Cordelia Robinson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Laura Carpenter
    • 4
  • Ellen Giarelli
    • 5
  • Li-Ching Lee
    • 6
  • Lisa D. Wiggins
    • 7
  • Maureen S. Durkin
    • 8
  • Carolyn DiGuiseppi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public HeathUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  5. 5.College of Nursing and Health ProfessionsDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.Departments of Epidemiology and Mental HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  7. 7.National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental DisabilitiesCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  8. 8.University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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