Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 2587–2598 | Cite as

Self-Disorders in Individuals with Autistic Traits: Contribution of Reduced Autobiographical Reasoning Capacities

  • Fabrice Berna
  • Anja S. Göritz
  • Johanna Schröder
  • Romain Coutelle
  • Jean-Marie Danion
  • Christine V. Cuervo-Lombard
  • Steffen Moritz
Original Paper

Abstract

The present web-based study (N = 840) aimed to illuminate the cognitive mechanisms underlying self-disorders in autism. Initially, participants selected three self-defining memories. Then, we assessed their capacity to give meaning to these events (i.e., meaning making), their tendency to scrutinize autobiographical memory to better understand themselves (i.e., self-continuity function of autobiographical memory) and their clarity of self-concept. The results showed that individuals with high autistic traits (ATs) had a lower clarity of self-concept than control participants. Meaning making was also reduced in AT individuals and mediated the relation between AT and self-concept clarity. Our results suggest that the reduced clarity of self-concept in AT individuals is related to an impaired capacity to make meaning of important past life events.

Keywords

Self Autism Autobiographical reasoning Autobiographical memory 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and PsychotherapyUniversity Medical Center Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Occupational and Consumer PsychologyFreiburg UniversityFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.INSERM U-1114, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de StrasbourgUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  4. 4.Fondation FondaMentalCréteilFrance
  5. 5.Département de PsychiatrieCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de ReimsReimsFrance
  6. 6.UFR de PsychologieUniversité de Toulouse 2 Jean JaurèsToulouseFrance

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